United States adult population in 1964, when the first Surgeon General’s report came out, to 17% of the adult population in 2014. However, according to the CDC there are still an estimated 40 million adults in the United States currently smoking cigarettes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
The risk factors for smoking include being a male, being below the poverty line or, only having a high school diploma or less. Males have a higher incidence rate of 18.8% compared to females at 14.8% (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). In the U.S., people living below the poverty level and people having lower levels of educational attainment have higher rates of cigarette smoking than the general population. Adults living below the poverty line have a smoking rate of more the 26% compared to those above the poverty line at 14% (Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, 2015). Among those having only a GED certificate, smoking prevalence is more than 40%, the highest of any SES group (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Although these factors indicate higher smoking prevalence, they are not the only factors in determining smoking habits.
This all too common and familiar behavior of cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. It accounts for more than 480,000 deaths every year, that is 1 out of every 5 deaths (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015). Smoking not only can harm nearly every organ of one’s body, but it is also the cause of 90% of lung cancer in men and women. It is also known that lung cancer causes more deaths than any other type of cancer in the ...
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... (County Health Rankings, 2016). It is important to recognize that nearly 9 out of 10 cigarette smokers first tried smoking by the age of 18. These smokers will continue to smoke until much later in their lives. By targeting these two populations, preventing smoking of the future 45-60 year old generation, and reducing the amount of smoking of low socioeconomic persons in the age range of 45-60 years old, could potentially have a great effect on reducing the among of lung cancer cases in Kings County.
These intervention programs in conjunction would potentially be successful at reducing the rate of lung cancer in 45 to 60-year-old Kings County residents because they would be able to address prevention for future generations below the age 18 and cessation of the current population with the highest smoking prevalence between the ages of forty-five and sixty-years old.
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