(b) Now, against Unger’s Pretty Demanding Dictate, there might be conflicting views proposed by the defenders of Murphy and Cullity. Murphy and Cullity would both agree that Unger’s Pretty Demanding Dictate is too demanding on us and therefore should have a limit at which point we become free from moral obligations. However, each author holds a different reason for supporting this over-demanding objection; Murphy argues for fairness as a constraint on moral obligation while Cullity argues for self-interest as a constraint.
First with Murphy: the defenders of Murphy would object Unger’s Pretty Demanding D...
... middle of paper ...
...certain number of all children if other people are around, regardless of the fact whether we will cooperate or not. If everyone starts accepting these principles, they will eventually grow insensitive to the demanding nature of morality and feel it is acceptable to not help under certain circumstances. It is unacceptable to do so. On the other hand, Pretty Demanding Dictate would require you to save all the children, and if you did not, you will feel you have done something morally wrong and you are more likely to stay conscious of your moral obligation further on. Even though the probability of anyone perfectly following the principle is non-existent, if Pretty Demanding Dictate can prevent people from quitting their moral obligation and constantly remind them of their moral obligation, these qualities alone would make it worthy to promote Pretty Demanding Dictate.
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