Prenatal Vitamins And Multi Vitamins Essay

Prenatal Vitamins And Multi Vitamins Essay

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When a patient finds out they are pregnant, prenatal vitamins are one of the first recommendations given by the doctor. Multivitamins are recommended to take daily before pregnancy to get the proper nutrients for you. So what is the big difference between prenatal vitamins and multi – vitamins? The main difference is the intake of folic acid that is provided in the two. Folic acid is a form of vitamin B9 and is required for DNA replication, which carries genetic information. It also helps prevent changes to DNA that leads to cancer. Folic acid is a water- soluble vitamin, which means it cannot be stored and is the synthetic form of folate (Greenburg, Bell, Guan, & Yan-hong Yu, 2011). Folic acid works with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to aid the body in the break down, use, and makings of new proteins (Gersten, 2013).

Folic acid is highly recommended for a pregnant patient. The recommended dose to take is 600 micrograms a day while pregnant and reduce to 500 micrograms while breastfeeding. Doctors recommend different doses for different patients but do not go above 1000 micrograms a day. In a multivitamin, the dose of folic acid is between 100- 400 micrograms depending on the brand. Most doctors recommend you start taking folic acid before you try to conceive and three months after delivery (Greenburg et al., 2011).

One study found that “it cannot be synthesized by the body, and must be obtained either from diet or supplementation. Dietary folate is a naturally occurring nutrient found in foods such as leafy green vegetables, legumes such as beans, egg yolk, liver, and citrus fruit. Folic acid is a synthetic dietary supplement that is present in artificially enriched foods and pharmaceutical vitamins” (Greenburg et al., 2011). F...


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...f neural tube defects whether severe or common can be prevented. Taking the recommended doses of folic acid before and after conception can prevent this. A folate rich diet alone is not enough to prevent neural tube defects and congenital heart defects (Czeizel et al., 2013).

All this information and more is out there for everyone to read. Most of the cases with birth defects are overseas in poor countries without the proper supply of food. The ones in the U.S. are usually seen in those that are not eating a well balanced diet or those not taking supplements at all. It is extremely important to know and get educated on it before a child is brought into this world. These defects and diseases are real and can happen to anyone. One inexpensive supplement a day can help save a child from having neural defects for the rest of their life, if they get to make it that far.

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