Prenatal Genetic Tests: The Future of Procreation Essay

Prenatal Genetic Tests: The Future of Procreation Essay

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Approximately 120,000 babies are born each year with a genetic disease or major genetic birth defect ("Inherited Disorders and Birth Defects"). It is 2014 and our generation still has thousands of babies with genetic diseases born each year and that isn’t right. These diseases range from phenylketonuria, a genetic disorder that causes mental retardation if left untreated, to congenital heart disease which has a 51 percent mortality rate in infants with the condition ("Mortality Associated...”). One of the solutions that scientists are working on to this problem is preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Barlow-Stewart says, “preimplantation genetic diagnosis works through in-vitro fertilization, which involves removing egg cells from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm cells outside the body.” To complete the test, a small number of cells are taken from these embryos and tested for certain genetic changes. Only embryos without these changes are implanted in the uterus to initiate a pregnancy ("What are the types of genetic tests?”). The technology to perform preimplantation genetic diagnosis has been worked on for years, but is finally becoming a reality. Many people think that this technique is unethical because you are playing the hand of God, and killing humans. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and prenatal engineering are viable options for the future of preventing genetic diseases in embryos because they are safe, ethical, and beneficial to advancing society.
There are three different types of preimplantation genetic testing, including prenatal testing, predictive testing and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Prenatal testing is defined as testing a baby’s genes for any mutations that may result in a genet...

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...century: using genetic information to improve health and prevent
disease. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.
Klitzman, Robert, and The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of
Robert Klitzman.. "Is genetic testing humans playing God?." CNN. Cable News Network, 22 Feb. 2014. Web. 3 Mar. 2014. .
"Mortality Associated With Congenital Heart Defects in the United States."Mortality
Associated With Congenital Heart Defects in the United States. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
"Top Issues In Genetics." - GeneEd. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.
"What are the types of genetic tests?." - Genetics Home Reference. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.

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