The Orbitofrontal Cortex is located on the superior portion of the orbit, on top of the ventral surface of the frontal lobes. The Anterior Cingulate Cortex and the Frontal Polar Cortex connect with the Orbitofrontal Cortex to create the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex. In the decision-making process the Orbitofrontal Cortex and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex use reward values and affective information to make decisions. Acting as an integration center for emotion and reward processing the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex is responsible for the emotional experience associated with the gain...
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...cting options and monitors possible outcome information. As you can see each system contributes uniquely to the many different processes involved in decision-making. Although studies have found that the neurotransmitter dopamine is important in the decision-making process, there are no definite results that prove this theory.
Krawczyk, D. C. (2002) Contributions of the prefrontal Cortex to the neural basis of human decision making. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 26 (2002) 631-664.
Price, B. H., Rosenbloom, M. H., Schmahmann, J. D. (2012). The functional neuroanatomy of decision-making. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 24 (3), 266-277.
Assadi, S. M., Pantelis, C., Yucel, M. (2009). Dopamine modulates neural networks involved in effort-based decision-making. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Review. 33 (2009) 383-393
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