The British Royal Academy of Art dictated how young artists learned their craft and the works that were considered successful art. Three students at the Royal Academy; Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Hunt, and John Everett Millais, set out to create work that differed from the Academy’s established criteria. Those three men formed the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in secret in order to create original artwork that differed from the establishment. The painting Ophelia, by Millais invokes the criteria the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood constructed to govern their paintings and the influence of Victorian English culture on the artist. Ophelia is composed of elements important to the Brotherhood including: subject matter from a literary source, nature as it is truly seen, Victorian society, and a reference to the works of the Northern Renaissance.
The Royal Academy of Art set the standard for Fine Art in England, and to have a successful career as an artist your work had to be included in the annual exhibition. The Academy taught the students to take advantage of the advances in art achieved after the Italian Renaissance with extensive time spent understanding the human form. The members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood studied the artwork of the old masters available to be viewed at the National Gallery including Jan Van Eyck’s Arnolfini Wedding Portrait and they traveled to the Louvre in Paris where they were able to see copies of frescos by Fra Angelico. The work the Pre-Raphaelites created differed from their contemporaries at the academy with their, “simple compositions; flat, clear colors, shallow perspective, well-defined...
... middle of paper ...
...d with the romanticism some felt, including the Pre-Raphaelites with the rapidly changing society they lived in.
Millais’s Ophelia reconciles his education with the Academy, the influence of medieval and early renaissance paintings, the rapidly changing Victorian society, and the ideals the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood strove to embody. The desire for artists to create unique work that could compete with the works that came before them, especially those considered the greatest following Raphael, would continue through the turn of the century. The Pre-Raphaelite reference of art history impacted art education and started the dialogue to change the level of importance early painters have on modern artists. Ophelia is still recognized as a successful painting that encourages our understanding of the changing Victorian society and our understanding of the world around us.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... The sharp colours are created by the use of the wet white technique. Ophelia’s emotional side, a product of her feminine sensibilities, ultimately led to her death. Another example of a woman betrayed by love is Tennyson's Lady of Shalott illustrated by J.W. Waterhouse. Imprisoned in her tower, the Lady was content until she looked out her window and saw what she was missing, particularly the happiness shared by couples in love. In Waterhouse’s painting, the Lady drifts down the river towards Camelot, her agonized face betraying feelings of loneliness and despair.... [tags: ideology, sex, prostitution]
1021 words (2.9 pages)
- In recent decades, Arab governments have lost a lot of confidence from their citizens. Their failure to liberate occupied Arab lands and eliminate the Zionist entity, is a huge disappointment to Arabs everywhere. The Arabs have become discontented with nationalism and with the spread of corruption in their countries, and with their governments’ inability to achieve social justice and a decent standard of living for all. This has opened the way for Islamist parties to emerge as an alternative to Arab nationalism.... [tags: Why the Muslim Brotherhood will not die]
2048 words (5.9 pages)
- Christina Rossetti was a pivotal key in the foundations of the Pre-Raphaelite movement, which can be seen, throughout her poetry. Rossetti, as a follower of the Pre-Raphaelite’s, endorsed ideas of unrequited love, acceptance of human mortality and redemption. These ideals both endorsed and challenged the Victorian morals of her era as Victorian morality was focused on repression, class structures, and religion often conflicting with the sexual desire and questioning nature of Rossetti’s poems. The poem Echo is a reflection of Rossetti’s view on the romance and grief in her life through her unwavering faith in religion that will reunite her with her love.... [tags: Victorian era, Love, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- In 1849, Dante Gabriel Rossetti showed his very first oil painting during the first exhibition season after the formation of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, alongside Millais’ Isabella and William Holman Hunt’s Rienzi Vowing to Obtain Justice for the Death of His Young Brother. While the group was short lived and never formed an official mission statement, “the combination of inexperience, collaborativeness, and sheer impact that distinguished the first years of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood is worth remarking, then, as an exceptional event in the history of art.” (Prettejohn 17) The men succeeded in endeavors of poetry and writing as well as painting, and formed a collaborativeness i... [tags: essays research papers]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- In 1928, Hasan al-Banna set out to spread the beliefs and practice of Islam to various parts of the West aiming to encourage transition from the formality of Western government to a system with a greater focus on Islamic religious fundamentals. His goal was to encourage the cooperation of Muslims in order to eventually promote a revolution of the society and government. Al-Banna saw that this would not be an immediate change and was prepared to wait in order to peacefully achieve his goals of a Shari’a government and a united Muslim body (Wickham 206).... [tags: Islam, Egypt, Muslim Brotherhood, Jihad]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- ... Judicial process is murky, victim is seen as a taboo, and police is unexpectedly unfriendly. Saving a few states, such as Gujrat, Kerala and Goa, none of the Indian states come in the good book of tourists. In most of the places women don’t feel safe; most of the places are notoriously in-famed for being infested with swindlers who are in look for making an easy buck; and India a country of 1.2 billion is hardly famed known for its cleanliness. With so many points going against us it is but expected for India to be treated as an inferior tourist destination.... [tags: tourists, urban and rural areas, government]
1056 words (3 pages)
- John Everett Millais ' Ophelia (1852, oil on canvas) is arguably the most well-known example of Pre-Raphaelite art to modern audiences. Taking its subject from Hamlet, and on public display at Tate Britain, it is understandably already an object of much discussion. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) was a small yet well-known group of Victorian artists who found inspiration in the sincerity and comparable simplicity of work, literally, prior to the career of Raphael. Millais (1829-96) was one of the three significant members, joined by Dante Gabriel Rosetti (1828-82) and William Holman Hunt (1827-1910).... [tags: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood]
1228 words (3.5 pages)
- Globalization is taking place in every facet of people’s lives. Thomas Friedman used an interesting metaphor in the title of his book The World is Flat to describe the world as a playground where competitors share equal opportunities regardless of their historical and geographical background (Friedman). The same principle can be applied to world language, geography cedes to be the barrier for the exchange between various nations as English has became a global language. Wherever one travels around the world, there is always a substantial chance for that person to communicate with minimum English.... [tags: globalization, New Zealand, language, culture]
1701 words (4.9 pages)
- The Lost Inca Indian Culture Most historians recognize the fact that the empire of the Incas in Peru was one of the great civilizations that was lost due to the expansion of the Europeans into the New World. The Incas were once an empire boasting with riches and controlling a large portion of the west coast of South America. Until the arrival of the Spanish, the Incas did their own thing within their culture, with few outside sources affecting them. This paper focuses mainly on the role that the Spanish played in changing and eventually eliminating the culture that was the Incas.... [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture]
2305 words (6.6 pages)
- Pre-Industrial Visual Cultures I remember my father's futile attempts at trying to get me interested in Eastern philosophy. He got me cartoon versions of Zen philosophy and the teachings of Chinese philosophers, and would try to draw parallels between their ideas and what was going on in our lives. Unfortunately, I was more preoccupied with my telephone-marathons and other such pressing issues. The effect of his words on me was like water rolling off a duck's back. As I got older and less oblivious to the world, old ways and ideas were no longer applicable and I found myself left with nothing to hold onto.... [tags: Culture Cultural Papers]
1381 words (3.9 pages)