Nile, the longest river in the World, with two sources the White Nile and the Blue Nile is shared by eleven riparian countries (K. Paisley & Henshaw, 2013). The basin is characterized by higher seasonal fluctuation in its water flow, water quality degradation, water scarcity and rapid population growth (Brunnee & Toope, 2002). The majority of the water comes from the Ethiopian high lands (86%) and the rest of 14% comes from the African Great leak countries (Salman, 2011).
The purpose of this essay is to show the current ongoing hydro politics in the Nile with respect to its historical background and the upcoming power shift over the hydro-hegemonic governance of Egypt. For the analysis of the power shift I tried to use M. Zeitoum and J. Warner hydro-hegemony, unilateral and multilateral cooperation analysis framework in which power asymmetries affect an equitable outcome at the expense of long lasting, low intensity conflicts. The framework provides an analytical paradigm useful for exploring the alternative that how such powerful or dominated riparian's shift from domination to cooperation.
As it was obvious the upstream countries of the Nile basin were not users rather they are contributors of the whole water for Egypt and Sudan. Because of their political instability weak economic status they admitted the unlimited power of Egypt to govern and use the river almost alone (L. Parks, 2013). If some countries try to use the Nile, Egypt is powerful enough to create Political instability by sponsoring some rebels and influencing international lending agencies. Since Egypt is the most powerful among the riparian countries most of the treaties and agreements over the Nile water use were undertaken excluding the inter...
... middle of paper ...
.... The Geopolitics of Water in the Nile River Basin. Global Research (24 July 2011).
Sadoff, C. W., & Grey, D. (2002). Beyond the river: the benefits of cooperation on international rivers. Water Policy, 4(5), 389-403.
Salman, S. M. (2011). The new state of South Sudan and the hydro-politics of the Nile Basin. Water International, 36(2), 154-166.
Salman, S. M. (2013). The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement: a peacefully unfolding African spring? Water International, 38(1), 17-29.
Seide, W. M., & Lind, J. (2013). Churning Waters: Strategic Shifts in the Nile Basin.
Whittington, D., Wu, X., & Sadoff, C. (2005). Water resources management in the Nile basin: the economic value of cooperation. Water Policy, 7(3), 227-252.
Zeitoun, M., & Warner, J. (2006). Hydro-hegemony-a framework for analysis of trans-boundary water conflicts. Water Policy, 8(5), 435-460.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The context gives the historical descriptions of the lower Peace River district. It contains the climates records including the rainfall capacity during the past 96 years since 1908 to 2004, and different data in order to give the evidence of whether the local climate is moist. Moreover, the context talks about the local vegetation changes in the Fox Lake Area within the lower Peace River district. It also shows some measurements of the lake surface area. Several physiognomically vegetation maps are presented in the context to clearly show the difference between the years.... [tags: peace river, vegetation, agriculture]
759 words (2.2 pages)
- I had originally dreaded the painfully early morning drive to school, but after a few weeks I grew to enjoy it. Since I recently moved to the area my morning drive was a convenient way of familiarizing myself with the surrounding stores and buildings that greeted me each morning. I soon memorized the order of the store signs as a way to help me indicate how far or close I was from campus. This particular morning; however, there was something different. The over-sized signs crowning the structures gleamed in the low morning sun as they always did, but this time distracting yellow-colored posters had disturbed the expected pattern of signs I had memorized.... [tags: Business Management ]
2050 words (5.9 pages)
- The Colorado River is the seventh longest river. In the 1920’s Western states began dividing up the water in the Colorado River by building dams and divert river flow to San Diego, Phoenix, and other large cities in order to supply water to these cities. In the past the river has been known for being a major source of water and electricity. The Colorado River passes through Utah, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, California, Baja California, and Sonora. During the past decade a drought has been sweeping the Southwest resulting in a lowered river level.... [tags: history, grand river, aqueduct]
1296 words (3.7 pages)
- The incoming December 2012 or “The Shift” will be faced with fears and chaos to people who believed that the earth will be going into a phase of destruction and reconstruction. The phase is said required our earth to be demolished and destroyed before the process of reconstruction the earth is started,Lonecryer(2010).One of the factors that contributed into the destruction of the earth that has to be taken into account is global warming. The term global warming refers to the rise in the average temperature of the planet, due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere as a result of various natural and human activities, David(2009).Nowadays, mankind have to face the reality tha... [tags: Transportation]
1041 words (3 pages)
- The Mississippi river is a Powerful and Ancient river that has changed very much over the millennia it’s been around. The Atchafalaya, which is a distributary of the Mississippi river had to be controlled by building dams and levees in the early 60’s and is still being monitored today. The Atchafalaya was beginning to divert the water in the Mississippi river to it and many people in the United States did not want this as it would virtually destroy the port cities along the Mississippi and therefore destroy the United States economy.... [tags: Mississippi River, River, Atchafalaya River]
1113 words (3.2 pages)
- The impact of rotating shift work on police officers in terms of fatigue, increased stress, and other long term medical problems cannot be overstated. In 2011, an in-depth research project, “Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers” (JAMA, 2011), was conducted involving a group of North American police officers in regards to the sleep disorders and the health and safety of the officers participating. The study involved 4,957 officers that worked rotating shifts over a period of approximately two years.... [tags: sleep orders, shift work]
1234 words (3.5 pages)
- Loss and Healing in The River Warren Each of us, in time, will experience a heart-stopping reality - the death or loss of someone or something we love. Maybe it will be of a family member or just a pet we dearly cherished, but the feelings we have are all too real and all too painful. This loss is probably by far the greatest and most severe emotional trauma we can encounter, and the sense of loss and grief that follows is a healthy, natural, and important part of healing ("Death").... [tags: River]
1974 words (5.6 pages)
- The Importance of Fear in The River Warren In Kent Meyers' The River Warren, the reader can detect many examples of symbolism. The basic theme throughout the novel focuses on the river. The River Warren, in its past and present state, means different things to each character in the novel. Many important scenes take place on the river and its banks emphasizing its importance. As the river winds through the land around Cloten in the story, its symbol winds through the lives of the characters and the lives of readers.... [tags: River Warren Essays]
1796 words (5.1 pages)
- The Third Bank of the River Confusion, embarrassment, and guilt can all be found throughout João Guimarães Rosa's short story "The Third Bank of the River." Rosa forces the reader to analyze his words and delve deeply into the hidden meanings behind them. Upon first glance, a story unfolds of a father who seemingly abandons his family and chooses to live out the remainder of his life rowing a small boat back and forth along a river. There are circumstances leading up to this behavior, which new insight to the author's psychological meaning.... [tags: Third Bank of the River]
1532 words (4.4 pages)
- Struggle in The River Between In the book "The River Between" we find traditional values of the tribe challenged by tribal members who had converted to Christianity. The novel focuses on the struggle between two conflicting interests: First there was the interest to convert Africans to Christianity, and the second was the tribe trying to keep their traditional values in the midst of Christianity. The most contrasting characters in the story were Waiyaki and Joshua. Waiyaki was a strong influence on the people of the land, and his father, Chege, was a man who had powerful visions of his son's future: "Salvation shall come from the hills ...... [tags: River Between Essays]
912 words (2.6 pages)