The first person to refer to therapeutic applications of art was Adrian Hill, in England, while being treated for tuberculosis. Edward Adamson, another artist, continued Hill’s work and opened a studio for patients to freely create art without being judged. Art therapy was introduced in America during the 1940’s by Margaret Naumburg and Edith Kramer. Margaret Naumburg was a psychologist whose work was based on the idea “of using art to release the unconscious by encouraging free association” (“The History”). Naumburg would encourage patients to interpret and analyze their artwork. Dr. Edith Kramer, an Austrian woman, founded the art therapy graduate program at New York University and served as the Adjunct Professor of the program from 1975 to 2005. According to the Art Therapy Journal, by the middle of the 20th century “many hospitals and mental health facilities began including art therapy programs after observing how this form of therapy could promote emotional, developmental, and cognitive growth in children” (“The History”).
Art therapy incorporates art and therapeutic techniques and aids people of all ages. Many people may benefit from art therapy because they may “find it scary or difficult to express themselves in a clinical setting” (How Art). Art therapy is “the prescripti...
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“How Art Therapy Can Help Children.” Art Therapy For Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
Johnson, Carol M., and Eileen M. Sullivan-Marx. “Art Therapy: Using the Creative Process for Healing and Hope among African American Older Adults.” Npaonline. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
Peebles, Alison. “How Can Art Therapy Benefit People with Depression, Anxiety, and Stress.” Counselling-directory. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
“The Rialto Jean Project Partners with Children’s Hospital Los Angeles to Supply Art Therapy to Children.” Entertainment Close-up. 4 Aug. 2013. General OneFile. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
Schwartz, Deah, Dr. "Art Therapy Activities." Art Therapy RSS. N.p., 2008-2013. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.
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