Essay on Poverty, Lack Opportunity And Infrastructure

Essay on Poverty, Lack Opportunity And Infrastructure

Length: 1697 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Not all humans are born equal – more than 800 million people across the globe are currently living in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.25 a day, and there are currently 48 countries listed as a least developed country (LDC) by the United Nations Office of the High Representative for The Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS): countries that have a gross national income (GNI) per capita less than $1,035, human asset index (HAI) less than 60, meaning high infant mortality rate and percentage of the population undernourished, and low secondary school enrollment ratio and adult literacy rate, together with an economic vulnerability index (EVI) higher than 36 ("United"; "UN"; "Criteria"). Citizens of these undeveloped countries, the so-called Third World, lack opportunity and infrastructure to improve their quality of life. One of the Millennium Development Goals established by the UN in the wake of the 3rd millennium is to “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger”, and it has been fruitful so far, “more than 1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty since 1990”, which is half the total amount ("United"). However, the people remaining in extreme poverty have been proven more difficult to reach, with elusive access to “good schools, healthcare, electricity, safe water and other critical services”, and the availability of such benefits determined by “socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, and geography”, there seems to be a long road ahead to truly eliminate poverty and bring development to those in need ("Poverty"). This paper aims to ultimately discuss the solutions to underdevelopment in the poor areas of the world, by using two texts: economist...

... middle of paper ...

...ot get their fair share of economic rewards. With an astronomical number of debt and most of the money flowing to the “one percent”, is the U.S.’s inclusive institutions any different than the extractive institutions described by Acemoglu and Robinson? It seems both theories in Why Nations Fail and The Bottom Billion only build upon an existing stereotype – that poor countries are poor because they fail to become “one of us”, fail to follow the mainstream Capitalism and Democracy. We must not forget many empires throughout history were built upon extractive institutions and had their glory, and that Capitalism in fact runs on cheap labor and exploits towards poor countries. Both theories fail to mention what kind of interaction does the Global North has with the South, and whether existing rich countries could possibly be a cause to the existence of underdevelopment.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Poverty Of The Philippines And Bangladesh Essay

- One of the biggest problems prevalent in Asian countries such as the Philippines and Bangladesh consists of what to do about the high percentages of population in poverty. The United Nations Development Programme defines poverty as making less than $1.25 a day, however, most people in poverty also suffer from a lack of food, shelter, water and sanitation as well as limited access to medical care and education. According to the World Factbook, the Philippines percentage of population in poverty is presently at 25.2% while Bangladesh is at 31.5%....   [tags: Poverty, Economics, Development, Poverty reduction]

Better Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Poverty Is A Key Concern Of Social Policy Essay

- The problem of poverty has been a key concern of social policy throughout its development. Defining poverty is complex because poverty has different measurement in different countries. As an example for that in Europe poverty is defined as when the person’s income falls below 60%. Whereas in England poverty is being measured in three types, the first type is absolute poverty, the second type is relative poverty, and thirdly broader indicator of material deprivation, such as if the family can afford for their child a birthday cake....   [tags: Poverty, Poverty threshold]

Better Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

Poverty, Education, And Social Discrimination And Exclusion Essay example

- Extreme poverty has been cut by more than half since 1990, however, more than 800 million people around the world still live on less than $1.25 a day. Poverty includes the lack of basic services: hunger, education, and social discrimination and exclusion. Creating comprehensive policy frameworks at the national and international levels based on stimulating economic growth for the poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, can support faster investment decisions as well as poverty eradication actions....   [tags: Poverty, Agriculture, Sustainability]

Better Essays
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Information and Communication Technology Will Not Reduce Poverty in Developing Countries

- Poverty is a major problem in developing countries. This problem could cause less education, unemployment, low quality of health and lack of information among people. There are many ways to diminish poverty such as giving subsidies, reduced tax, free education and providing information and communication technology (ICT) for the poor. There are evidences that ICT such as mobile phone, computer and internet could be the solution to decrease poverty in poor countries because it could increase knowledge and open new business opportunities....   [tags: poverty essay]

Better Essays
1310 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Poverty Is A Multifaceted Issue That Impacts The Globe

- Poverty has existed throughout earth’s history; it is only recently where this chronic issue has attempted to be conceptualized. Even though there are great advances in technology and human progression, there are still great measures to be taken to reduce the growing gap of individuals/countries that fall under this failed category. To understand this dilemma, this paper will address the complex issue of what poverty is, who this affects and why this occurs. WHAT Poverty is a multifaceted issue that impacts the globe....   [tags: Poverty, Working class, Social class]

Better Essays
1065 words (3 pages)

Inequality Is Multidimensional Of Nature And Is Concerned With Variation Within The Standard Of Living Across A Population

- Inequality is multidimensional in nature and is concerned with variation in the standard of living across a population. Therefore it encompasses inequalities in opportunities and inequalities in outcomes. Therefore inequality in Nigeria is a situation in which there are few good jobs, low purchasing power for those employed and poor income. Theres also poor infrastructure and institutional failure in key sectors including education, transportation and health. Sometime in September 2012, one of the Africa’s wealthiest men Aliko Dangote, caused an upset uproar with the announcement that he was offering to pay graduates willing to drive trucks half a million Naira...   [tags: Poverty, Economic inequality, Infrastructure]

Better Essays
1124 words (3.2 pages)

Lack Of Resources And Discrimination Essay examples

- Throughout this course we have learned how the lives that we live and the person we are is impacted by a number of dimensions. These dimensions include the economy, discrimination, lack of resources and job opportunities. These dimensions hold a lot of weight in our lives and most of them we have no control over. For some people, unfortunately, they innately inherit certain disadvantages ranging from where their family comes to the color of their skin or even the neighborhood they were born into....   [tags: Discrimination, Affirmative action, Black people]

Better Essays
903 words (2.6 pages)

Devolution : An Opportunity For Local Economic Development Essay

- This year, the UK parliament is going to decide on the whether to grant devolved powers to Dalmatia. This devolution settlement would create a Dalmatian Assembly, with limited powers to vary the rate of income tax and also to make some local decisions in the areas of education, healthcare, and infrastructure. Some states that devolution might introduce corruption, financial costs and threats to national identity. However, those problems are far from incurable. Undertaken with great care, devolution in Dalmatia will produce superior outcomes in supporting local economic development, improving democratic system and preserving national unity....   [tags: United Kingdom, Devolution, Economy, Democracy]

Better Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Contemporary Design Issues Issue Assignment Essay

- Design has established itself as core elements in societies helping countless communities build infrastructure, invent new ways to better living conditions and create design desirable for consumption hence bettering the economy. Though this is a positive, most designers of the 21st century use their skills and their designs alike for those who can afford it; designing for what’s in fact the minority, 10% of the world’s population. The reason why developmental aid and design for development is essential to improving standards of living for those who live in developing countries, but to also bridge the gap between the rich and the poor....   [tags: Core Elements, Communities, Infrastructure]

Better Essays
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Can A College Education Cut the Risk of Living in Poverty? Essay

- Can a college education cut the risk of living in poverty. Poverty has tremendously increased because The United States recently entered a recession in December 2007. The loss of jobs, health benefits and higher cost of living affected the nation and citizens struggling to avoid poverty. In such a competitive environment, a college education increases self-value and opportunity. America’s current depression tremendously affected the nation with the rise in poverty, unemployment, and loss of health care....   [tags: Economics]

Better Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)