The existence of poverty can be supported from three different theoretical perspectives. These theoretical approaches reveal the interconnection between poverty and society. For instance, the first theoretical perspective is functional analysis, which focuses on how certain parts of society depend on one another for their function. On the other hand, conflict theory addresses how inequality and power push people in society to compete. Lastly, symbolic interactionism demonstrates the importance use symbols that create a meaning in society. Based on many works of Sociology, poverty can relate to all of these perspectives. After all, just like some structures help in society, there are others that create chaos and inequality between individuals. Nevertheless, each theoretical perspective indicates how poverty influences social life.
The functional analysis perceptive of poverty shows how the poor can contribute to society. In today’s society, poverty plays a role in which fulfills a “normal” function, because it has existed for so long. Based on the table “The Distribution of Society’s Resources” from a functionalist view, it shows how those who are more industrious and perform important functions receive the most resources within society. While those who perform less and are less industrious receive the least resources (Henslin 230). Therefore, the functional analysis perspective argues that some positions may be more important in society. For example, some people have to be surgeons in order to be highly talented. Because these type of occupations require a lot of education and training, they provide a high payoff (Henslin 230). Which leaves the poor to perform other occupations, that are not usually aspir...
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...nment or education. Because the rich will always have that power, it’s almost impossible for the poor to move up. Ultimately, the perspective from the symbolic interactionism shows that poverty has its stigma. For most rich people, the poor are always seen as a whole. Therefore, if a poor lady works as a stripper, then those out of poverty will assume that everyone who’s poor works at “low” jobs. That’s the image the higher class receives, and this makes them form a meaning about poverty. In conclusion, poverty is a topic that can be defined from the perspective of functional analysis, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. All of these sociological perspectives shows poverty as an essential social part for the structure of society. Though, it’s also a group that struggles for equality, which makes the rich to develop generalization based on their differences.
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- Poverty in Society The existence of poverty can be supported from three different theoretical perspectives. These theoretical approaches reveal the interconnection between poverty and society. For instance, the first theoretical perspective is functional analysis, which focuses on how certain parts of society depend on one another for their function. On the other hand, conflict theory addresses how inequality and power push people in society to compete. Lastly, symbolic interactionism demonstrates the importance use symbols that create a meaning in society.... [tags: Sociology, Symbolic interactionism, Poverty]
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