Poverty Between Poverty And Poverty Essay

Poverty Between Poverty And Poverty Essay

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1.) The poverty line is disputed to be set too low by some, in order for poverty to be present there has to be many unfortunate circumstances existing, in other words, the standard of living for those in poverty has to be barely livable. Our SSI text states that the official definition of poverty in regards to nutrition is that a person is expected to live on less than a dollar per meal, this is not a healthy way to live long term (Kerbo, 2012). Another criticism of the poverty line is that it is measured on income prior to taxes being taken out. This means there are many families that are absolutely living in poverty but are not accounted for or even considered for any government benefits because of the way the income is calculated. One other criticism of the poverty line is the “income –in-kind” benefits, it is argued that if a family receives income from the government for health insurance or food expenses then this should be considered when calculating a family’s income, for instance if a family is receiving $450 a month for food stamps, then that should be added into the monthly income made for the family when determining whether or not they are at or below the poverty line.
2.) The basic arguments of Social Darwinism is the point that the poor are blamed for their situation, that their “moral character” is what made them poor. Furthermore, the poor are at the bottom due to the fact that they are not capable of surviving the competition, the “rich and powerful are on top because they are the fittest” (Kerbo, 2012). I disagree with the Social Darwinism concept, especially with the point our text made in regards to changing the situation the poor are in. The thought that allowing the unfit to experience upward mobility, “to su...


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...sitions that a large majority of society does not want to do filled. The weakness in this function is that there are time limits on receipt of welfare, so this is considered not a large factor in keeping these low wage, unwanted jobs filled. The second function of welfare is to offer assistance to the poor in order to help them with basic needs, this is said to help restore social order. The strength of this second function is the ability of the state/government to watch over and control those that are receiving this assistance, in this strength the “threat of withholding benefits can be used to keep them in line” (Kerbo, 2012). The weakness of this function is also its strength, people are watched over by a “big brother” system, as soon as the social order is restored people are pushed off the assistance, whether they are competent enough or not to gain employment.

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