Betty Claire Mubangizi took a focus on poverty. What challenges did poverty bring to post-apartheid South Africa? How effective were the government anti-poverty measures? These are the questions Mubangizi tries to answer. Mubangizi starts off by giving various definitions of poverty. The first definition given is the World Bank’s, which uses consumption levels and income to define poverty. The definition is Sen’s human capabilities approach, which sifted more to the nature and causes of deprivation. The final definition, written by Atlock, places emphasis on social circumstance and forces in defining poverty. When focusing on poverty it is for the readers to know exactly how poverty is defined and Mubangizi did this in an organized and coherent way. Mubangizi then describes the extent of poverty in South Africa by including statistics. The Gini Coefficient, a measure of income inequality, rose from .596 in 1995 to .635 in 2001 and the Human Development Index decreased .73 in 1995 to .67 in 2003. Using statistics is an effective, concrete way to show the reader poverty in South Africa. Mubangizi then describes many anti-poverty strategies implemented by the government. The first is public works programs, which were designed to increase infrastructure, resources, and employment for vulnerable members of the population. While to impact a households wellbeing the didn’t bring the household out of poverty or address poverty’s underlying causes. The second strategy is social security, which provided cash transfers and in kind transfers in the hopes of them allowing people to improve their own earnin...
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... the economic situation after apartheid. Some examples are GEAR, public works programs, and BEE. Although there was a difference in the focus of the articles they all come to the same general conclusion that government economic action in post-apartheid South Africa was ineffective. Improvements made by GEAR didn 't translate into jobs or prosperity. Income inequality has actually increased after the end of apartheid. Public works programs, social security, and public alleviation programs did little to improve poverty. Finally, BEE did little to improve the economic standing of black South Africans. Also, government action didn 't affect everyone equally it improved the GDP and international standing of the country but did very little for individual equality. South Africa still has a long way to go until there is economic equality and the legacy of apartheid is gone.
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