A study done by Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley found that children raised in welfare homes hear ten million words from their parents, while children from professional homes hear thirty million words in the their first three years. Children in welfare homes are familiar with one-word directions accompanied with a pointing finger such as sit, stand, go, stay, and other one word commands. The daily pressure of survival in poverty requires non-verbal and sensory-based cues. It keeps one focused on concrete problems, with no time for distractions. According to Payne survival in school requires verbal and use abstract representational systems (Payne 2003). It is well know that most parents in poverty expect the schools to give their children the education they need and don’t expect a role in the children’s success. This is why the language ability and the number of abstract words a student has is directly related to education, and education is directly related to economic class (Payne 2003). The nature of interactions is also very different. Which leads us to the Driving forces of students.
Ruby Payne defines and articulates Hidden Rules Among Classes. Hidd...
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... construct cognitive structures necessary for learning. The relationships that will motivate them to be successful need to be established. The hidden rules of the classes should be taught so that they can have a choice in the appropriate response. Students from poverty are no less capable or intelligent, it is simply that it has not been mediated in the strategies that contribute to success in school and at work. Payne helps us understand the strategies needed to help further any accomplishments or goals of the students. Poverty affects a child’s educational outcomes beginning in the earliest years of life. The driving forces in poverty are Survival, relationships, and entertainment. This essay reviewed the interventions needed to improve school readiness of children in poverty, and provides recommendations for helping them further their driving forces and education.
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