Poverty Abolition and Biodiversity Preservation: Livelihood Case Study Around Mikumi National Park, Tanzania

Poverty Abolition and Biodiversity Preservation: Livelihood Case Study Around Mikumi National Park, Tanzania

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Case Study Examples
The following two case-studies have been selected to unravelling the complex association between poverty abolition and biodiversity preservation. The first one will give the insights about an existing conservation projects impact on surrounding people’s life, mainly economic perspective. The second one is the categorization and evaluation of project portfolio of conservation NGO. It will highlight the general trend of conservations projects worldwide, their rational, approach, outcome and impact as well as input towards poverty eradication.
1. Livelihood Case Study around Mikumi National Park, Tanzania
Vedeld et al. (2012) investigated livelihoods of communities around Mikumi, Tanzania's fourth largest national park and impacts of living close to the park. Quantitative survey has been conducted within five villages (randomly picked 25 households/village) of the eighteen villages surrounding the park. The villages were selected based on the location and different ecological zones. They have seen that the park has considerable impacts on rural livelihoods - indirect costs in the form of loss of access to resources resulting loss of potential incomes, and direct costs from crop and livestock raiding which results in total income losses in the range of 10–20%. For many households, crop damages result in food insecurity. This damage is also location and income group specific. Households near the park and within the low income group suffered more. In addition poor household showed lower ‘environmental income’ but higher dependence if compared with others. The average environmental income (6.3%) reported here is lower if compared with the similar type of cases (20-30%). This is due to the extreme restriction o...

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