Postpartum Depression and Analysis of Treatments and Health Determinants

Postpartum Depression and Analysis of Treatments and Health Determinants

Length: 882 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The objective of this paper is to develop a thorough understanding of treatments available for mothers with postpartum depression and formulate a research question that can provide for future direction.

Postpartum depression is universally recognized as a serious condition affecting 10-15% of women within a year of birth (O’Hara & Swain, 1992). The high prevalence of postpartum depression among mothers makes this an issue worth exploring the type of treatments available. A set of physical and psychological symptoms are associated with this condition that greatly increase the detriment of postpartum depression. These symptoms can be ranked on several designed scales by health care professionals. It is important to understand that even with a high prevalence rate of postpartum depression among women many cases go untreated. (Buist, Barnett, Milgrom, Pope, Condon, Ellwood, Boyce, Austin & Hayes, 2002). An analysis of five studies will introduce the available treatments and the possibility that social support in combination with personal physical maintenance maybe the best treatment for women with minor or moderate postpartum depression.


In the first study Gjerdingen (2002) investigates the various treatments but particularly the pharmacological treatments. Gjerdingen (2002) stresses the importance of administered treatment based on severity of diagnosis, such that healthcare professionals appropriately identify the state of wellbeing of the patient and appropriately respond. As presented in the article, the US Preventive Services Task Force strongly recommends screening for depression to be done through clinical services that have systems insuring proper diagnosis and appropriate interventions. Gjerdingen (2002...


... middle of paper ...


...eme will also be covered in the remainder of the studies and will be used when formulating the final research question.
In trying to determine the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy and counselling Milgrom, Negri, Gemmill, McNeil, Martin (2005) discuss the influence of the health care system questioning the efficiency and accuracy of transferable skills. It was determined that personal counselling was easier for professions to obtain the skills versus group CBT. This raises the question will transferability of skills among health care professionals affect the completion and result of treatment? In addition, many intervention studies are lacking formal clinical diagnosis and validated clinical measures of depressive symptoms. As a result this makes the replication of studies difficult and therefore the correct transferability of skills would be lacking.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Postpartum Depression : Women And Their Families Essay

- For many women and their families, the thought of having a baby is so exciting. While it can be such a joyful time, it can also be challenging, both emotionally and physically. Many women experience “baby blues,” dramatic changes to their mood, feeling of happiness one minute and depression the next. These feelings often disappear soon after birth. Even deeper levels of depression lasting for a longer period of time may be experienced. This more serious mental health concern is called postpartum depression (PPD) For some women, their experience is much more complex than facing the reality of motherhood and battling PPD....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Healthcare]

Better Essays
1656 words (4.7 pages)

Effects of Postpartum Depression on Child Bearing and Rearing Family Essay

- Effects of Postpartum Depression on Child Bearing and Rearing Family Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major event occurring in eight to fifteen percent of the woman population after delivering their child (Glavin, Smith, Sørum & Ellefsen, 2010). The symptoms and causes of PPD are similar to depression symptoms in other periods of life (Glavin et al., 2010). These symptoms may include feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, loss of interest in daily activities, sleep changes, anger or irritability, loss of energy, self-loathing, reckless behavior and concentration problems....   [tags: Health, Maternity, Mental Health]

Better Essays
1351 words (3.9 pages)

The Social Determinants Of Health Essay

- Demographic Characteristics The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life (WHO, 2015). Vulnerable populations are those individuals are at higher risk for being at risk. Thus, individuals of Aboriginal decent, low income and those who have not completed a secondary education are considered to be a highest risk for vulnerability (Frohlich, 2008). Although they are not the sole predictors of health, the social determinates of health significantly effect an individual’s life course they are excellent predictors of health....   [tags: Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder]

Better Essays
802 words (2.3 pages)

Health and Its Determinants: A Case Study Essay

- Health is dynamic and determined by the determinants of health that have factors that can both benefit and hinder our overall health (Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, p. 9). The primary health care (PHC) principles accessibility, inter-sectorial collaboration, appropriate technology, emphasis on health promotion and public participation helps all individuals at different social standings based on income levels and geographical location determined by the social determinants of health to access PHC and make an equitable health care system (McMurray & Clendon, 2011, pp....   [tags: health care, social determinants]

Better Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Postpartum Depression and Crime: The Case of Andrea Yates Essay

- ... However, as noted by the pair, a general population study of mothers with colicky infants discovered 70% had aggressive thoughts toward their infants and 26% experienced thoughts of infanticide during colic episodes.” In Postpartum Psychosis and the Courts, Melissa L, Nau and team found four percent of women with postpartum psychosis commit infanticide. In the article, The Process of Recovery in Women who Experienced Psychosis following Childbirth written by Laura McGrath and team, psychosis is a mental illness that affect 1-2 mothers per 1000 deliveries shortly after childbirth....   [tags: postpartum psychosis and the courts]

Better Essays
686 words (2 pages)

Postpartum Depression During The Postpartum Period Essay

- Postpartum period is about going through change and transition from woman to a new mother. This is a time where mothers restore muscle tone and connective tissue to the body after the birth of the baby. Although there is dramatic change during the postpartum period, women’s body is nonetheless not fully stored to pre-pregnant physiology until about 6 months post-delivery (Osailan). At this time, women need to receive special health and social support to prevent problems such as postpartum depression....   [tags: Childbirth, Postnatal, Health care]

Better Essays
1471 words (4.2 pages)

Assisted Living Devices Impact On A Person 's Life And The Determinants Of Health

- Communicating in an effective manner to gain a more comprehensive knowledge of assisted living devices that are used in the community, how the assisted living devices impact on a person’s life and the determinants of health that contribute to the need for these devices in a nursing capacity and how promotion of health will assist the participant. Ensuring to use the data that is gathered in a confidential and ethical manner, writing will refer to the participant by the name Mrs X, a name agreed on prior to start of the interview by both parties....   [tags: Medicine, Illness, Social determinants of health]

Better Essays
996 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Postpartum Depression

- Postpartum depression is a serious mood disorder experienced by women after giving birth. This complex disorder can shatter mothers mind, body and spirit and end their dreams of what they expected motherhood to be. Health professionals estimate that between 15 and 20 percent of women who have recently given birth will be affected by postpartum depression (Stone, 2008). 700,000 new moms each year develops postpartum depression (Veng & Mcloskey, 2007). Postpartum depression affects more than just the mom....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Behavioral Problems]

Better Essays
2372 words (6.8 pages)

Essay on Postpartum Depression

- Postpartum Depression Works Cited Not Included Introduction What is Postpartum Depression Having a baby should be one of the happiest and most important events in a woman?s life. However, although life with a new baby can be both thrilling and rewarding, it can also be a difficult and quite stressful task. Most women make the transition without great difficulty, yet some women experience considerable complexity that may manifest itself as a postpartum psychiatric disorder (O?hara, Hoffman, Philips, & Wright, 1992)....   [tags: Depression Women Birth Health Essays]

Better Essays
1841 words (5.3 pages)

Postpartum Depression Essay

- Abstract Despite the physical changes that a woman is to expect during her pregnancy, a major concern that requires attention is a period of expected feelings of depression that a woman may encounter known as baby blues. Although normal, and expected baby blues can lead into post partum depression that involves a myriad of emotions and mood swings. If not addressed postpartum depression can lead to a more severe form of baby blues known in the clinical world as postpartum non-psychotic depression that requires professional intervention....   [tags: Women's Health]

Better Essays
2252 words (6.4 pages)