The Postmodernist Impulse and Sam Shepard Essay

The Postmodernist Impulse and Sam Shepard Essay

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The term postmodernism is applied to several disciplines which include architecture, art, literature, music, film, sociology, cultural and media studies, visual arts, philosophy, history. Communications and technology. The beginning of postmodernism is quite unclear, however, it emerged as an area of academic study in mid- 1980s. "Postmodernism" is an outcome of the deep changes in social and political life style in post-industrialized societies with an attitude to question the truth and authority put forth by such conditions. Critics have constantly been debating about the treatment of the prefix “post” in "postmodernism". According to some critics, the "post" designates a process of historical succession. For them, "Postmodernism" is something that either follows or replaces what is known as "modernism". A consensus is yet to be reached about whether postmodernism is a break from modernism, a continuation of modernism or even both. Noorbakhsh Hooti offers three uses of the term “postmodernism”. “First, postmodernism represents a number of developments in the arts and culture in the latter half of the twentieth century. The reference point and point of departure for this type of postmodernism are the different forms of modernism that developed in the arts and culture in Europe in the first half of the century. Second, it designates the rise of new frameworks of social and economic organization, again approximately since the end of the 1939-45 war. As such, its reference point and point of departure is the tendency of modernization which specified the early years of the century, with the development of industry, the growth of the mass market, and the speed in automation, travel and mass communication. Third, it indicate...


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...epard.”The Cambridge Companion to Sam Shepard.Ed.Matthew Roudane.London: Cambridge University Press.2002.
5) Hooti, Noorbaksh and Shooshtarian,Samaneh.Studies in Literature and Language.Vol.1, 2010:13-31.
---. “A Postmodernist Reading of Sam Shepard's Buried Child.”Canadian Social Science.Vol.7,2011:76-89.
6) Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad. “The Postmodernist Rendition of Myth in the Selected Plays of Sam Shepard.”International Journal of Humanities and Social Science.Vol.2.2012:246-254.
7) Klages,Mary. “Postmodernism.”bdavetian.n.d.21March.2014.
8) Lewis, Barry. “Postmodernism and Literature.”The Companion to Postmodernism.Ed.Stuartsim. London: Routledge.2010.
9) Saddik,Annette J.Contemporary American Drama.Edinburgh:Edinburgh University Press Ltd.2007.
10) The Cambridge Companion to Sam Shepard.Ed.Mathew Roundane.Cambridge University Press.2002.

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