The World Wars were pivot points in History for many countries. War stems from disagreements from opposing groups about how the group should be run. The state of Russia will be discussed by analyzing Roberts’ The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century as well as Lenin’s Our Revolution speech and Stalin’s response to “Iron Curtain” by Churchill. Post World War I signaled the start of the Russian Civil War which caused separation of a country. Post World War II signaled the beginning of tension between Russia and other superpowers of the world. The Aftermath of the World Wars was never a positive outcome for Russia; both wars left Russia with the loss of land, and the death of many Russian citizens. However, Russia was in a better position politically and economically after World War II compared to World War I.
Post World War I was a very chaotic time for Russian citizens. After the signing of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, Russia was removed from the war, but this led to the beginning of the Russian Civil War between the Marxist-Leninist Bolsheviks and the anti-communist White Party. “Meanwhile, the civil war went on savagely; atrocities mounted up and every day more of the country’s precious economic resources were destroyed” (Roberts 294). Civil Wars in all countries weaken the state of that country because of the division and conflicts within. The Civil War is a small example of why conflicts arise in the World. The purpose of the civil war was to spread the ideas and influences of a specific person. One can conclude that this is a recurring theme in history; conflicts arise through the pursuit to spread a specific ideology. With Russia fighting in a Civil War the nation as a whole is torn apart ...
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...sia was divided amongst itself while World War II led to the Cold War in which Russia went up against other super powers of the world. One could argue that Russia was not in as much of a threat during the Civil War because nuclear weapons were not involved, however Russia as a nation was much stronger after World War II, during the Cold War, because as a unified nation they were one of the strongest powers in the world. The post World War II time period left Russia as a country better off than during World War I. The post World War conflicts that Russia faced were based on the spread of a specific ideology. This raises the question that if countries did not focus on spreading their political ideologies, would more time be spent developing their country? And would Russia have been better off had they not worried about entangling in the Cold War with the United States?
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