• The Urevangelium Theory by G. E. Lessing a German critic suggests that the relationships from the Gospels derived from a single Gospel written in Hebrew or Aramaic. He believed that Matthew wrote the Aramaic Gospel of the Nazarenes, the germs of which originated in the time immediately following the death of Jesus Christ. This theory of an Urevangelium has no historical support and is improbable to a high degree. (Thiessen, Introduction to the New Testament 2002:103)
• The Oral Tradition Theory by Geisler suggests that the common basis of the Synoptics was entirely oral due to the instruction of the Apostles during their prolonged stay at Jerusalem. This material came to be repeated by all the same way. (Thiessen, Introduction to the New Testament 2002:106) This theory is true but has its limits. Surely the teachings of Jesus Christ and facts of his life were first given orall...
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...a law perspective and Luke from a socio-ecomomic perspective. Retrospectively the ipsissima verba and the ipissima vox of Jesus, enunciated the authenticity of His voice and not his words verbatim. Therefore we should believe that each writer gives us an accurate summary in their own words. (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:122-125)
Carson, D.A., and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. 2nd Edition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 2005.
Lea, Thomas D., and David Alan Black. The New Testament Its Background and message. 2nd edition. Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2003.
Thiessen, Henry Clarence. Introduction to the New Testament. 1st Edition. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson, 2002.
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