Positive Psychology And Positive Masculinity : A Strengths Based Framework For Addressing Masculinity

Positive Psychology And Positive Masculinity : A Strengths Based Framework For Addressing Masculinity

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Positive Psychology and Positive Masculinity: A Strengths-Based Framework for Addressing Masculinity, Gender Role Socialization, and Men’s Gender Role Conflict
Researchers in the field of men and masculinity question how well our existing approaches and theoretical frameworks inform interventions that enhance interpersonal functioning, increase help seeking behaviors, and encourage strengths-based approaches to enhance the physical and mental health of men (Addis & Mahalik, 2003). Variables that influence how men perceive their ability to control and monitor their own mental health ultimately influence how health care providers and counselors approach these sensitive topics. Additionally, decades of research about the saliency of men’s gender role conflict (GRC) implies that it is an important multidimensional variable that negatively affects both men’s and women’s health (O’Neil, 2008).
Existing literature on the long-term impact of early male socialization is extensive and focuses mainly on the negative consequences and outcomes on health, family, interpersonal relationships, restricted emotional affect, and power and work preoccupation (Smiler, 2004; O’Neil, 2008, 2012). Recent literature challenges the field to consider the healthy qualities men possess that enable many men to enhance and facilitate intimacy, group belonging, altruism, and community with self and others. New conceptualizations of theoretical and clinical models indicate men are receptive to psychotherapy and can encompass a positive view of wellness and values (Nahon & Lander, 2016).
Literature Review
Gender Role Socialization and Men’s Health
Men are considerably less likely than women are to seek counseling or visit a physician’s office (Centers for Disea...

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... GRC have been empirically supported (O’Neil et al., 1986).
Other mediator studies have been conducted using the gender role conflict paradigm to examine the relationship between greater GRC and negative outcome variables. Shepherd & Rickard (2012) specified that men with higher gender role conflict tend to exhibit a variety of body image concerns, including a drive for muscularity. Results demonstrated that GRC mediates the relationship between drive for muscularity and intentions to help seek, explaining why men with body image concerns may be less likely to utilize or seek out treatment services and recommendations (Shepard & Rickard, 2012). Other studies have been able to link gender role conflict to moderator and mediator variables that influence men’s attitudes toward seeking psychological help (Levant, Rankin, Mellinger, Stefanov, Halter, & Williams, 2013).

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