In the “Atlanta Compromise” speech by Booker T. Washington, he states “Cast it down in agriculture, mechanics, in commerce, in domestic service, and in the professions. And in this connection it is well to bear in mind that whatever other sins the South may be called to bear, when it comes to business, pure and simple, it is in the South that the Negro is given a man’s chance in the commercial world, and in nothing is this Exposition more eloquent than in emphasizing this chance.” They all sought for the Negro to embrace who he/she is and expand his/her thoughts in the world. The Black middle class Americans sought to change the Sambo, Coon, Pickannany, Uncle, and Mammy...
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3. Wolfskill, Phoebe. "Caricature and the New Negro in the Work of Archibald Motley Jr. and Palmer Hayden." Art Bulletin 91.3 (2009): 343-365. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 31 May 2010.
4. Harris, Michael. “Colored Pictures Race & Visual Representation.” University of North Carolina Press. Copyright 2003.
5. Mooney, Amy M. “Archibald J. Motley Jr.” The David C. Driskell Series of African American Art: Volume IV. Pomegranate San Francisco. Copyright 2004
6.Morgan, I. "10. Writing, in PROTEST, The Making of African American Identity: Vol. III, 1917-1968, Primary Resources in U.S. History and Literature, Toolbox Library, National Humanities Center." National Humanities Center - Welcome to the National Humanities Center. National Humanities Center. Web. 23 May 2007.
7.Locke, Alain L. "P. 69." Negro Art. Past and Present. New York: Albany, 1936. 69. Print.
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