Porton Down 75 Years of Chemical and Biological Research Essay example

Porton Down 75 Years of Chemical and Biological Research Essay example

Length: 898 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Porton Down 75 Years of Chemical and Biological Research
Porton Down was established in 1916 in retaliation of the Germans using chemical warfare against United Kingdom armed forces. Porton is located near Salisbury, Wiltshire England on 7,000 acres. Porton Down consists of research facilities that conduct research on chemical and biological warfare.
23 April 1915 British troops were attacked with chlorine gas, and Sir John French, the British Commander-in-Chief wanted retaliation with the same effects that was dealt to his troops, and he also wanted the means to defend his troop against these attacks, which lead to the establishment of Porton Down. 10 July 1915 the British used chlorine gas against the Germans, after the attacks the British realized that the chlorine delivery method was inconsistent, the gas had a small radius of cover, the chlorine had a smell so it could be detected early without inhaling a large amount, and the gas also didn’t stay on the ground very long, so further research went into the development of chemical weapons. The first experiment was done with hydrogen sulphide; the British tested the gas by placing rats in cages in trenches, and had mine workers with self contained breathing apparatus collect clouds of the gas in jars as the gas passed over them. The testing of hydrogen sulphide were successful, it showed that the gas had lethal concentration at 300 yards from the point of release. Hydrogen sulphide was short lived, it was discovered that it’s was too dangerously flammable, and it corrodes the cylinders that it’s stored in, it was also to light to stay near the ground after release, and possessed a distinctive smell at very low concentration which is an early warning to the enemy. At 05:50 AM 2...


... middle of paper ...


...n population of the United Kingdom to covert attacks and the hazards that would have arise, it is certain that Porton Down will continue to be
PORTON DOWN 5
seen as an essential part of the national defense program, and whatever levels of arms control appear in the future. “Currently Porton Down is a world leader in high-quality microbiological research and testing, which has played a vital role in preparing, coordinating and manufacturing responses to health care emergencies. It is at the forefront of the United Kingdom’s research into infectious diseases, which holds four international culture collections and has an international reputation as a centre of excellence.” (John Glen, 2013)



Works Cited

G B Carter (1992). Porton Down 75 Years of Chemical and Biological Research
G B Carter (1975). Porton Story told
John Glen (2013). The Future of Porton Down

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Gruinard Island Biological Warfare Testing

- The United Kingdom received intelligence in the 1930s, that several nations were involved in biological warfare-related activity. Continued intelligence concluded that these nations may have already acquired this capability. In 1942, the War Cabinet sanctioned biological weapon field testing amid fears of the possibility of a biological or chemical weapons attack against Britain by the Nazis and possibly the Japanese. Anthrax was chosen because it is one of the best known agents of biological warfare and the most feared....   [tags: chemical weapons, war cabinet, anthrax]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Essay

- The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Will the human race still be in existence in fifty more years. Although likely, there is a very real possibility that we will not be here. For example, after the Gulf War, we found Saddam Hussein stockpiling Weapons of Mass Destruction. Did you know that he had enough weapons to kill every single human, dog, and cow on the face of the earth. When I found that out, I thought it was very interesting, so I decided to do a report on it. If you keep reading, you’ll find out what I’ve found out....   [tags: Chemical Biological Weapons War Essays]

Free Essays
4399 words (12.6 pages)

Effects of Biological and Chemical Warfare Essay examples

- “The gas instantly caused severe burning in their throats and lung. The men clutched their chests, coughed, and gasped for breath. Attempts to shield themselves from the gas were largely futile. Many tried to burrow their noses and mouths or to cover them with cloth, but the moist, dense poison penetrated everything” (Taylor 17). Those were the effects of chlorine quoted by an eyewitness. The gases and biological agents used against people in war are very cruel. They cause lots of deaths in short periods of time, leaving lasting effects wherever they are unleashed....   [tags: Biological Weapon, Viral and Bacteria Pathogens]

Better Essays
2397 words (6.8 pages)

History of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Reconnaissance Essay

- CBRN Reconnaissance Platoon There is a long and rich history of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) reconnaissance, today also known or referred to as Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) reconnaissance within the United States Army. Scholars and experts believe that as early as 1935 Chemical-Warfare schools publications discussed the need to identify, mark, and produce a method to avoid contaminated areas. Avoidance is the most important fundamental of NBC Defense. In addition to the casualties an attack can cause, the contamination that may come with an attack also causes casualties and produces long-term hazards that can interfere with the mission....   [tags: surveillance, platoon, chemical warfare]

Better Essays
962 words (2.7 pages)

U.S. Army Chemical School Essay

- The CBRN Survey Team is a vital part of a CBRN Reconnaissance platoon. It is multi-faceted , it can assume all critical tasks and duties of the Reconnaissance platoon while having the same capabilities and principles. Even though it is a part of a larger piece of the puzzle it still provides an important task – to determine CBRN contaminated affected areas and levels, and simultaneous mark them as hazardous. Since a survey team is essentially a reconnaissance element its description of what it entails will be described via the reconnaissance perspective....   [tags: chemical, biological, incidents]

Better Essays
949 words (2.7 pages)

The Sino-Japanese War: Chemical Usage at the Attack of Yichang Essay

- This paper is about what chemical agent being employed during the attack of Yichang during the Sin-Japanese war in 1940 and which side of the conflict or both would employ it. What type of agent that was used if any. Employment methods used to disperse the chemical agent in wartime. Finally, I examined situations in which the agent would be employed by military forces to gain maximum effectiveness. A brief description of Unit 731, its commander, and a bit about what the kinds has been explained....   [tags: biologican, chemical warfare, china]

Better Essays
995 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Chemical and Biological Weapons

- When a nation or country develops offensive chemical and biological weapons this is not an admittance of intention to use them of threaten other nations and countries with the weapons. (1) The involvement in chemical and biological warfare program in most countries is aimed at developing a defensive capability for the defense forces of that country. The true grey area lies in the facts that to have a productive defensive CBW program it requires the same expertise and resources as a well productive offensive CBW program....   [tags: Warfare, Korea]

Better Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Chemical and Biological Warfare Essay

- The Role it Played Chemical and Biological Warfare In order to understand Project Coast you must first learn what Project Coast was all about. In the early 1981 the Chemical and Biological Warfare program, code named Coast, officially started and was finished in 1995(Folb & Gould, 2002). In my research paper I will discuss the history of Project Coast and I will let the reader understand the circumstances that surrounded Project Coast. I will also explain the different types of chemical agents that where and why they were used....   [tags: Coast, Racial War, Johannesburg, Africa]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Biological and Chemical Weapons Essay

- Biological & Chemical Weapons Chaos, fear, and death. Those three words are what most people’s first thoughts are when they see the destructive offspring of either Biological or Chemical Weapons. These Weapons of Mass Destruction (also known as WMD’s) are actually considered the deadliest weapons of all time to not only humans but also to other animals, and plants. Biological and Chemical Warfare has become a major threat not only to the safety to the people of America, but also on the frontlines across the world but, that in order to fix these that the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Chemical Weapons Convention could do is to make mandatory background checks for anyone who buy...   [tags: fear, destruction, chaos]

Better Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Chemical and Biological Weaponry Essay

- Chemical and Biological Weaponry Introduction: A Modern Day Trojan Horse Although the envelope resembled a letter from a fourth grade student, the contents addressed to Senator Tom Daschle were life threatening. Laced within the envelope was a form of the bacteria known as Bacillus Anthracis, bacteria more commonly known as anthrax. When exposed to humans, an anthrax infection leads to the release of toxins, which if not properly treated are fatal (cnn.com). Around the same time of Senator Daschle’s threat, other cases of anthrax exposure were publicized....   [tags: Biological Warfare Nuclear Weapons Ethics Essays]

Free Essays
1329 words (3.8 pages)