The Population Of English Language Learners Essay

The Population Of English Language Learners Essay

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Literature Review
The population of English language learners has been increasing in the last decade. In 2011–12, ELL students in cities made up an average of 14.2 percent of total public school enrollment, ranging from 10.9 percent in small cities to 16.7 percent in large cities (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics). The U. S. Census Bureau (2011) projections indicate that by 2023, 50% of the student population under 18 years of age will be composed of minority students. According to Ates, Kim and Grigsby (2015), offspring of immigrants are the fastest growing youth population. As a result, these children are driving a change in the schools by making them more culturally and linguistically diverse.
The objective of this review is to present valuable information about the foundations of bilingual education, the bilingual educational programs, and the advantages and disadvantages of bilingual education.
Foundations of Bilingual Education
Historically, in the United States many languages from all over the world have been spoken throughout the country. Native American languages, English, Italian, German, Spanish, French, Japanese and Polish are just a few of more than 381 languages spoken in the United States (U. S. Census Bureau, 2011). In addition, the U. S. Census Bureau (2011) affirms that of 291.5 million people aged 5 and over, 60.6 million people (21 percent of this population) spoke a language other than English at home. The Bilingual Education Act of 1968 has been recognized as the most important federal legislation in admitting rights to linguistic minority in this country (Orr, 2011). It offered stipends for planning, developing and operating bilingual programs...


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...hows that English language learners enrolled in bilingual programs did better than their peers in the mainstream classrooms (p. 97). If a student has a strong background in his native language, this will motivate him to study more culminating in higher academic achievement.
During the past decade, there has been an increasing number in the population of English language learners in the schools throughout the United States. The need of developing and implementing effective programs that help English language learners successfully acquire the language is a must. Research shows that English language learners enrolled in bilingual educational programs obtain more gains, build up literacy and develop self-confidence. Finally, educators should always remember to impart proper education to all students and avoid cultural bias in the classroom and instruction.

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