The population of English language learners has been increasing in the last decade. In 2011–12, ELL students in cities made up an average of 14.2 percent of total public school enrollment, ranging from 10.9 percent in small cities to 16.7 percent in large cities (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics). The U. S. Census Bureau (2011) projections indicate that by 2023, 50% of the student population under 18 years of age will be composed of minority students. According to Ates, Kim and Grigsby (2015), offspring of immigrants are the fastest growing youth population. As a result, these children are driving a change in the schools by making them more culturally and linguistically diverse.
The objective of this review is to present valuable information about the foundations of bilingual education, the bilingual educational programs, and the advantages and disadvantages of bilingual education.
Foundations of Bilingual Education
Historically, in the United States many languages from all over the world have been spoken throughout the country. Native American languages, English, Italian, German, Spanish, French, Japanese and Polish are just a few of more than 381 languages spoken in the United States (U. S. Census Bureau, 2011). In addition, the U. S. Census Bureau (2011) affirms that of 291.5 million people aged 5 and over, 60.6 million people (21 percent of this population) spoke a language other than English at home. The Bilingual Education Act of 1968 has been recognized as the most important federal legislation in admitting rights to linguistic minority in this country (Orr, 2011). It offered stipends for planning, developing and operating bilingual programs...
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...hows that English language learners enrolled in bilingual programs did better than their peers in the mainstream classrooms (p. 97). If a student has a strong background in his native language, this will motivate him to study more culminating in higher academic achievement.
During the past decade, there has been an increasing number in the population of English language learners in the schools throughout the United States. The need of developing and implementing effective programs that help English language learners successfully acquire the language is a must. Research shows that English language learners enrolled in bilingual educational programs obtain more gains, build up literacy and develop self-confidence. Finally, educators should always remember to impart proper education to all students and avoid cultural bias in the classroom and instruction.
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- As our nation shifts towards a more culturally diverse population both educators and families have to find a common ground to ensure that English Language Learners are academically successful. All stakeholders must carefully consider the social cultural impact on an ELL education. The process of raising bilingual learners take more than a language a school and a language learned at home. The transition must have a purpose and a goal. Collaborative Practices of English Language Learners and Schools Educating a student takes a massive amount of collaboration between schools, communities and families.... [tags: English Language Learners, ELL, ESL, Education, US]
963 words (2.8 pages)
- Introduction English Language Learners (hereafter referred to as ELLs) currently comprise 10% of the total school population in the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2005). It is a population that is going to continue to increase in American public education and their specific needs for learning literacy are of great importance to teachers. Since schools and teachers are increasingly judged based upon the academic achievement of students, then the success of the growing population of ELLs is going to be increasingly important.... [tags: English Language Learners, ELLs]
2659 words (7.6 pages)
- Research review Over the semester I worked with a young girl who is an English language learner (ELL). An English language learner is someone who is not yet fully competent with the English language and his or her native language is not English (Lerner and Johns, 2012). Lowered English competency leads individuals to encounter difficulties comprehending and using the English language (Learner and Johns, 2012). The need for adequate language capabilities is paramount in life and education, without it one may not receive information or actively participate in the environment.... [tags: English Language Learners]
1764 words (5 pages)
- The United States has seen a dramatic increase in its non-native English speaking public education classrooms, especially from students born in Latin American countries. This population trend has been the encouragement for bilingual education reform throughout the decades. Bilingual education has been a long heated debate, especially in the political arena, that has focused on whether English language learners (ELL) should be taught primarily in English only, their home languages, or a combination of both.... [tags: bilingual education, english learners, ell]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- According to the Glossary of Education Reform ("English language learner," 2013), English Language Learners (ELL) are students who are unable to communicate fluently or learn effective in English; who often come from non English speaking homes and backgrounds. And who typically require specialized or modified instruction in both English language and in their academic courses. Immigrants make up 13% of the United States population, and within the 13% many people have children who speak their native language.... [tags: ell student, english language, languages]
937 words (2.7 pages)
- “English Language Learners: A Policy Research Brief produced by National Council of Teachers in English.” The Council Chronicle. National Council of Teachers of Education, Mar. 2008. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. This policy brief produced by the National Council of Teachers of English gives a history and comprehensive overview of issues associated with ELL students and provides research-based recommendations for effective ELL instruction for teachers. The report states that the “foreign-born population of the U.S has tripled in the past 30 years and more than 14 million are expected to arrive between 2000 and 2010.... [tags: Education, Linguistics, School, English language]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Effective Instruction in Early Childhood Education for English Language Learners Early Childhood Education is the foundation for children’s academic and personality development. Among all the children in the Unites States, there is a growing population of children whose primary language is not English (Tabors, 1998, p.20). This has highlighted the importance of finding effective strategies to teach in the classroom, to interact with parents, and to assess students’ progress when teaching English Language Learners.... [tags: English language, Second language]
1092 words (3.1 pages)
- Analysis of Data and Results The report presents and analyzes the data collected for the study on teaching English Language Learner students. Two questions were the base of this research. Analysis of Research Questions: 1. Are teachers exhausting every source to help English language learners. 2. Are the teachers prepared to teach English language learners in schools. Research Question 1 Are teaching exhausting every source to help English language learners. The teachers’ attitudes towards the English Language learners’ learning vary and this is a potential factor that can severely impede full development of the students.... [tags: Teaching English as a foreign language, Education]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- During the 2012- 2013 academic school year, in the North shore school district , 2660 students with disabilities were served by Special Education services, and 5.4% of the student population were classified as English Language Learners in the State of Washington (Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction). Understanding the basic foundation and history of special education and English language development programs, can assist an educator, in serving the needs of a diversified classroom.... [tags: public instruction, disabilities, diversity]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- As waves of immigrants entered the United States over the past decades, the population of minority students has risen to 42 percent in public schools (Luster, 2015). Children come into our classrooms with diverse identities that are forming based on their environment. Statistics inform us that 27 percent of young children under the age of 6 have at least one parent who speaks a language other than English (Matthews, 2011). When we talk about cultural and linguistic diversity, we are referring to children and families that come from different races and different cultures where English is not their primary language.... [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]
1452 words (4.1 pages)
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