Pollution Of The Air Pollution Essay

Pollution Of The Air Pollution Essay

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Air pollution can be defined as the contamination of the atmosphere by gases, dust and fumes in harmful amounts which pose danger to humans, animals and plants. Pollution of the air has been an issue since the beginning of human development and since then, it has been on a stable increase as the years pass by. Just before the twentieth century, this problem was as a result of the burning of coal and wood without a restraint on emission. However, as industrialization came into existence especially in the early and mid-twentieth century, an increased use of automobiles and globalization led to an even greater rate of emission which exposed dangerous gases into the air. In an attempt to reduce air pollution, some laws like The Clean Air Acts of 1990 and Environment Act of 1995 were enacted. Nevertheless, air pollution in developing countries still remains a major problem due to several factors. The aim of this essay is to discuss the major causes of air pollution in developing countries: Burning of biomass and fossil fuels, industrial processes and emissions from vehicles.

To start with, burning of fossil fuels and biomass fuels contribute largely to the air pollution in developing countries. A large percentage of the population of developing countries depend on organic fuels to meet most of their energy needs. In accordance with Bundschuh et al., (2014), nearly 3 billion people rely on animal dung, fuelwood and other sources of traditional biomass for cooking and heating. Consequently, Hill (2008) points out that when these solid fuels are burned, gases like carbon monoxide and sulphur oxides are emitted into the atmosphere; thus, polluting the air. The combustion of fossil fuels and biomass fuels is regarded as one of the major ca...


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...t al., 2006). Finally, in developing countries, motorization accounts for a large percentage of air pollution.

In conclusion, there are several factors that account for air pollution in developing countries. It has been identified that the burning of traditional fuels for domestic purposes can be one of these factors. Another major cause of this problem is the widespread use of vehicles which are powered by two and three stroke engines in these countries. Smith’s study (cited in Schwela., et al 2006:3) justifies the third major factor, industrialization, where he points out that there is a ‘certain inevitability of environmental degradation as a country develops’ particularly during the initial stages of industrialization. In short, for as long as developing countries strive to be developed and modernized, air pollution will continue to be a problem in such nations.

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