Foucault’s definition of critique closely related to Kant’s definition of enlightenment. Foucault states “Critique is the movement by which the subject gives himself the right to question the truth on its effects of power and question power on its discourses of truth” (47). Foucault want to mainly apply critique to what he calls the art of governing or “the movement through which individuals are subjugated in reality of a social practice through mechanism of power that adhere to a truth” (47). A...
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...argues here that through critique one can find cracks in the power-knowledge relationship. At this point the public will be able to ask the question “how not to be governed like that”?
At this point we can determine the purpose of Foucault’s question, “what is critique”? Foucault’s definition of critique provides a tool to find cracks in power-knowledge relationships by analyzing the genealogy of a power knowledge relationship. Foucault states “we have to deal with something whose stability, deep rootedness and foundation is never such that we cannot in one way or another envisage, if not its disappearance, then at least identifying by what and from what its disappearance is possible” (65). Foucault believes that using his method of critique a power and knowledge relationship is not permanent. Questioning and knowledge can be used to remove the leash from authority.
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