Document #5 comes from the History of the Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides. This document is an oration made by the elected ruler of Athens’s during 431 BCE at the funeral of those who first died in the Peloponnesian War. The main idea of the speech states that all men of Athens are equal regardless of where they come from or how much wealth they have. The reason Athens is unique in Greece is that “…all men are equal before law…what counts is not his stature or class but his ability” (Good, #5). Accordingly, the deaths of the first Athenians of the Peloponnesian War will be valued for their sacrifice, regardless of whether they came from aristocrats or peasants. This speech directly exemplifies how the Greek social structure in Athens had become less hierarchal than during the Bronze Age. Athens was shared equally among its prideful and protective citizens.
Document #6 also comes from the History of the Peloponnesian War, however, this document shows a debate in the Athenian assembly, where commoners were debating on whether to go on the Sicilian expedition. In Nicias part of the sp...
... middle of paper ...
...f the most powerful cities in the classical age.
Greek public life and politics changed radically as Greeks transitioned from the archaic age to the classic age. Rather than being separated by wealth, classical Greeks cherished their equality and unity even in times of hardship. Instead of allowing leaders to arise among them, classical Greeks gave each and every citizen an equal amount of power. Although these unique characteristics are what eventually led to the destruction of Athens, they felt empowering at the time, driving Athenians to grow and conquer. The key changes exemplified by Documents #5 and #6 allowed the Athenians to become one of the most influential groups of people in the classical age. Even after Athens fell to Sparta, the cultural influences of the Athenians soon recovered and remain prevalent in today’s philosophy, architecture, and government.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Bronze Age in Greece was a period of time in which their civilization flourished. They were a main power at the time and seemed to have everything they wanted in the palm of their hands. Many other civilizations have a period of time also known as the Bronze Age, however, the bronze age of Greece is widely known to be the most prolific and dominant in history. The Greece Bronze Age is estimated to have lasted from between 8th to 6th century BC to about 146BC. Nobody knows for sure the exact time period in which it began and ended.... [tags: Ancient Greece Essays]
1969 words (5.6 pages)
- During the golden age of Greece as a whole, there was one leader of a city-state that produced his own golden age. Pericles was one of Athens most recalled rulers for his success. He sparked an age for the artistic and the thinkers of Athens. He was an open-minded leader which supported all of the arts and promoted the outside thinking of philosophy. He developed a system of democracy for his city-state to instill in which the majority gained a say in the government. Although not everyone believed Pericles was great.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Classical Athens]
1644 words (4.7 pages)
- Ancient Greece was one of the most important civilizations in the history of mankind. Ancient Greece spanned thousands of years, beginning in 1100 BC and ending with the end of the Hellenistic period in 146 BC. Ancient Greece made many contributions to the modern world, such as language, politics, philosophy, science, art, architecture, beauty, and much more. Beauty now a days is in most cases considered as how pretty something looks on the outside. Most people these days look at outer beauty rather than inner beauty.... [tags: Ancient Greece Essays]
2805 words (8 pages)
- After suffering through 350 years of depopulation, poverty, and backwardness, ancient Greece entered an era that is perhaps the richest and most complicated in Greek history. Historians refer to this era as the Archaic Period (800-480 BCE), a period that witnessed colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas (Lloyd). Marking the end of the Archaic Period was the Persian Wars, in which Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures. As Greece shifted toward diplomacy, it entered a Classical Period (480-323 BCE).... [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece, Sparta]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- Daily Life of Ancient Greece Internet Exploration The Ancient Greece civilization was very different in between female and male. Female and male had a unique role in the ancient Greece civilization. This civilization was under male control because only men possibly will be citizens and only highborn males benefit from a proper education. Men got instruction in military, involve in politics or went to the Theatre for amusement. The men observed dramas tragedies, or comedies that they were related to.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Western culture]
1067 words (3 pages)
- Michelle Izaguirre Evolution of Western Civilization September 23, 2014 The Classical Mediterranean civilization of Greece and Rome inspired the Western civilization through their politics, laws, philosophical teachings, and their ability to respond to environmental challenges. Our sense of debt to the Greco-Roman history and political achievements reverberated in later history. The Greek and Roman precedents undoubtedly influenced the framers of the American Constitution, as did philosophers like Socrates and Aristotle, who’ve influenced people to challenge the “accepted ways.” After the decline of the Greek city-states, Rome assumed leadership by preserving most of Greek achievements and... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Rome]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Ancient Greece This paper tells you about the Golden Age of Greece, which is from 500 to 350 BC. It tells about what Greeks did, who they worshipped, and other important things. The thing the Greeks are best known for, is their gods, and stories about them. The stories explained how things became. For instance, one story said that before the earth was made, there was a fight between a god, and a giant. The god killed the giant, and the parts of the giant became the earth. His teeth became the rocks, and his hair became the grass.... [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. There are many changes that occurred during this time that changed Athens for the better. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money.... [tags: History, Sparta]
3258 words (9.3 pages)
- Early origins of Athens, Greece can be traced back as early as 7000 B.C.E. It is unclear if the name is derived from the Goddess Athena, or if the goddess was named after the city. In the center of the city is the Acropolis, a high, rocky plateau overlooking the Mediterranean sea. This site was most likely chosen for settlement due to its natural defenses inland, surrounded by mountains, with the acropolis protecting settlers from seaside attacks. Because of the rocky terrain, no large-scale agriculture was possible.... [tags: goddes, ancient city]
777 words (2.2 pages)
- There are many different examples of interaction that led to the formation of the great Empires during the Axial Age. Examples of these forms of interaction could be cultural, biological, economic, religious, military, and spatial. The question at hand, is which one of these forms was single handedly the most important regarding growth in the Axial Age. In my opinion, the most important form of interaction was religion. There were advances in science, democracy, art, and philosophy pertaining to the Empires of the Axial Age, but the greatest advancement was linked to religion.... [tags: Religion, Spirituality, God, Islam]
1232 words (3.5 pages)