Politics During The Bronze Age Of Greece Essay

Politics During The Bronze Age Of Greece Essay

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As the Greeks made their transition into the classical age from the archaic age, Greek public life experienced radical transformations. Politics during the Iron Age of Greece changed drastically in comparison to the politics during the Bronze Age of Greece. The discovery of iron tools allowed farmers to drastically grow their wealth, altering them into respected and politically relevant citizens. This technological revolution created major changes in Greek politics, such as the increased equality in social class and the implementation of democracy in cities like Athens, shaping the future of the Greeks in the classical age for years to come.
Document #5 comes from the History of the Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides. This document is an oration made by the elected ruler of Athens’s during 431 BCE at the funeral of those who first died in the Peloponnesian War. The main idea of the speech states that all men of Athens are equal regardless of where they come from or how much wealth they have. The reason Athens is unique in Greece is that “…all men are equal before law…what counts is not his stature or class but his ability” (Good, #5). Accordingly, the deaths of the first Athenians of the Peloponnesian War will be valued for their sacrifice, regardless of whether they came from aristocrats or peasants. This speech directly exemplifies how the Greek social structure in Athens had become less hierarchal than during the Bronze Age. Athens was shared equally among its prideful and protective citizens.
Document #6 also comes from the History of the Peloponnesian War, however, this document shows a debate in the Athenian assembly, where commoners were debating on whether to go on the Sicilian expedition. In Nicias part of the sp...

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...f the most powerful cities in the classical age.
Greek public life and politics changed radically as Greeks transitioned from the archaic age to the classic age. Rather than being separated by wealth, classical Greeks cherished their equality and unity even in times of hardship. Instead of allowing leaders to arise among them, classical Greeks gave each and every citizen an equal amount of power. Although these unique characteristics are what eventually led to the destruction of Athens, they felt empowering at the time, driving Athenians to grow and conquer. The key changes exemplified by Documents #5 and #6 allowed the Athenians to become one of the most influential groups of people in the classical age. Even after Athens fell to Sparta, the cultural influences of the Athenians soon recovered and remain prevalent in today’s philosophy, architecture, and government.

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