The Political System Of The Modern World Essay

The Political System Of The Modern World Essay

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In the modern world democracy is often pictured as the ultimate egalitarian and moral political system. Institutions such as the United Nations believe that “democratic governance is the process of creating and sustaining an environment for inclusive and responsive political processes and settlements” . Even though, it is described as the most moral political system, is it really appropriate to claim that it is a universally valid form of rule. It depends on how the term is defined. Democracy can be easily defined in the simplest of terms as the “rule by the people for the people”, as Abraham Lincoln so eloquently said in his Gettysburg Address. It could also be defined according to modern philosopher Amartya Sen, as a system of “complex demands, which certainly include voting and respect for election results, but it also requires the protection of liberties and freedoms, respect for legal entitlements, and the guaranteeing of free discussion and uncensored distribution of news and fair comment.” This argues that all democracy is liberal democracy for it to be efficient. This ambiguity causes a clash and shows why democracy might lack legitimacy on a universal level, because of its possibility amoral and wrongful leadership, the lack of purity in modern democracy and its disregard for traditional values.
Democracy lacks legitimacy on a universal level because of the fact it can be amoral and have wrongful leadership. In his Allegory of the Cave, Plato argued that the human condition was to live in a lie, and to protect the lie, while the philosopher enlightened by the sun, could see the truth and was in its pursuit. This made Plato argue that perhaps it is necessary for humans not to choose their own leaders, but for philosophe...


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..., but in reality may cause tyranny due to an overblown human desire to gain power. Furthermore, the modern representative system, while practical for the current circumstances, can actually be undemocratic as it potentially causes misrepresentation of the people by the elected officials, and while a direct democracy would solve this problem, the current state system would not allow for this to happen, due to complications because of the amount of people that would have to vote. Continuing, cultural relativism and the ideas necessary for true democracy are often not compatible because a true democratic system requires individualism, while most “eastern cultures” value communalism. Finally, in all of this it is important to remember that societies have different cultural values; therefore it is inappropriate to say that one political system is universally legitimate.

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