The Political System Of Korean Politics Essay

The Political System Of Korean Politics Essay

Length: 1390 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview



These days many South Korean have suggested the necessity of the Constitution Amendment. The reason is that the current political system has not been changed since 1987 in spite of the social changes. As these supporters of political reform asserted, if the system of Korean politics was different from now, the result of elections and the policy toward North Korea might have been changed considerably.

1. A two-round system
What if South Korea had a two round system in the presidential election? From the 13th Presidential election, South Korean focused on and adopted a direct election system after a long-time military dictatorship. Therefore, although a winner of the candidate received a low polling rate, they did not have a secondary voting system because each people’s vote was valuable in itself. However, this system has been controversial issue about democratic legitimacy, because if the required percentage of the winner was 50%, South Korea should have held a second round five times (13th~17th). Among them, at least, three election results might be different, so we can guess other situations below, in a point of Daejoong Kim’s Sunshine Policy which was the most friendly and modest policy toward North Korea.
First, Sunshine Policy could start earlier than 1997. At the 13th election in 1987, Taewoo Rho (36.6%) could not be the President; rather Youngsam Kim (28%) or Daejoong Kim (27%) could change the military regime. Even though people disappointed about dissonance between two civilian candidates, one of two Kims might win instead of a former General Rho. In that situation, a two round system could have the same effect as a single candidate agreement. Also, at the 14th election in 1992, if Daejoong Kim (34%) had a second ro...


... middle of paper ...


...-term policy consistency beyond each President.
As a result, from the 2000s, the Constitutional Amendment was often discussed for more advanced political environment. Even current President Park suggested its necessity last month. Basically, South Korean will not abandon a direct presidential election system because it was the most significant result of democratization in 1987. In this condition, a two-round system is able to provide more democratic legitimacy to the President. Also, a two-term presidential system and the same cycle of the Presidential and General/Local elections can strengthen the political responsibility as well as policy coherence. With these changes, public will judge the candidates and the parties based on not a personal popularity, but the policies about social issues. Also, South Korea will be able to enforce a consistent unification policy.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Rise of South Korea from the Korean War Essay

- Following the Korean War, South Korea was one of the poorest countries in the world. In 1960 the South Koren GDP per capita was $79; today the GDP per capita is $32,272. This paper will explore what factors account for this dramatic change in economic performance, and what cultural changes accompanied Korea’s rise to become the sixth largest exporter in the world with a global market economy ranking 15th and a purchasing power parity of 12th, and ultimately factors could decrease these gains. Politics: Following the Korean War the political system in South Korean saw unrest under the previous autocratic leadership....   [tags: economic, trade, technology]

Better Essays
1579 words (4.5 pages)

How The Body Has Become The Subject Of Political Focus Essay

- The body has become the subject of political focus in Korea in recent years as a result of modernization. While the body used to be viewed as a natural entity inherited from one’s ancestors and possessed by one’s family, modernization brought about the idea that physical appearance can be modified. This process of modernization was accelerated by Japanese control of the Korean state government, which began in 1910 and until 1945 (Lew, 2015). These Japanese leaders dismantled the system of Confucian powers which at the time still saw the body as a natural entity....   [tags: South Korea, Korean language, Koreans, Korea]

Better Essays
1390 words (4 pages)

Poltical Factionalism: Dividing the People Essay

- Political factions have played a fundamental role in shaping governments here and around the world in history and will continue to influence in the future. Factions divide a government based on different beliefs of key issue in policies, such as spending and warfare. Political factions are both beneficial to a society and detrimental. A political party is “A group organized for the purpose of achieving and exercising power within a political system,” (Gwinn 960). They obtain their power by either election or revolution....   [tags: Political Science]

Better Essays
1557 words (4.4 pages)

Politics of North and South Korea Essay

- Research Essay: North Korea and South Korea Throughout the history of politics, our societies have encountered a large variety of different political and governing systems. From systems in which idealists introduced to our world, believing that they are capable of letting the world function and operate in a more efficient manner came two of the most popular political ideologies that most would recognize. They are known as democracy and communism. Even now during the twenty-first century, issues relating to the struggle between these two beliefs are still rising in different regions of the world where people are demanding more freedom....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Better Essays
2497 words (7.1 pages)

Factors Affecting The Political, Legal And Business Environment Essay

- Factors affecting the Political, Legal and Business Environment: Korea Political Environment Government’s Will for Economic Reforms South Korea has made the greatest progress in international trade liberalization, arguably the next best performance in financial reform, and probably the least achievement in the largely "domestic" arenas of labor and competition policy. The reason is straightforward: the existence of international norms gives policymakers a goal at which to aim, and the existence of the international institutions (and other avenues of international diplomatic pressure) help in overcoming the historical weakness and parochialism of South Korean political institutions....   [tags: World Trade Organization, International trade]

Better Essays
788 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Republic Of Korea And The Soviet War

- The Republic of Korea was a country that was down in the dirt before the Korean War. Today, South Korea is a country that has grown exponentially since the early 1950s. They are technologically advanced, have a distinguished economy, a constitutionally developed government and a modern military. Shortly after the North Korea People’s Army invaded South Korea and crossed the 38th Parallel, President Truman ordered the United States military to join the fight with South Korea in the Korean War....   [tags: Korean War, World War II, South Korea]

Better Essays
1095 words (3.1 pages)

Communist China and North Korea: Shared History and Ideology Essay

- Today, China and North Korea are two extremely powerful communist countries. However, communism was not always present. In fact, communism was a new political theory proposed and published on February 21st of 1848 by Karl Marx in his famous “Communist Manifesto.” In 1949, approximately one hundred years after the Communist Manifesto was written, Mao Zedong came into power and henceforth, adopted a form of communism. It was after World War II and the Chinese Civil War, that the Chinese Communists were able to overthrow Chiang Kai Shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party; hence, this new government swore to form a “brand new” China, which modeled and resembled closely to Marxism-Leninism....   [tags: International Politics ]

Better Essays
2005 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on International Relations Perspectives

- International Relations Perspectives Realist Perspective The basis for the realist perspective focuses on the struggle for power; and, proposes that this is the central cause of events in international affairs. This perspective “sees the world largely in terms of a struggle for power in which strong actors seek to dominate weak ones and weak actors resist strong ones to preserve their interests and independence…There is no overarching or universal center of power in the world that is recognized by all actors as legitimate…[It} emphasizes power: human nature at the individual level, aggressive states at the domestic level, leaders pursuing domestic and international power at the foreign polic...   [tags: political science]

Better Essays
918 words (2.6 pages)

North Korea Famine Essay

- North Korea Famine Abstract Famine is the one of the biggest problems in the world. More than 800 million people are suffering from hunger. The people of North Korea suffer from hunger on the level of the notorious Somalia, Sudan, and Ethiopia famines. They just suffer in silence behind the world media. There are several facts about the North Korea famine. One of the main factors for the North Korea famine is political problems: The North Korean government ignores s people’s everyday lives and only does things for preparing war....   [tags: North Korean Famine World Essays]

Better Essays
1538 words (4.4 pages)

Japan: 1945 conflicts and internal politics Essay

- Discuss the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1952. What effects did the purges have on political and business leadership in Japan and to what degree did this action have on the continuity or discontinuity between pre-war and post-war elites. What actions led SCAP to “reverse” its policies from around 1948. What were the aims and goals of the occupation forces. The occupation of Japan began in August 1945 and ended in April 1952. General MacArthur was the first Supreme Commander. The entire operation was for the most part carried out by the United States....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
2148 words (6.1 pages)