China, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long mysterious
history – almost 5,000 years. Like most other great civilizations of the world, China can trace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till they became the great country we have today. It is recorded that Yuanmou is the oldest hominoid in China
and the oldest dynasty is Xia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that have contribute a lot to development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history.
Political Structure: The Sui dynasty constructed the Grand Canal and began the reconstruction of the Great Wall. This required over-taxation of the farmers. A revolt in 628 ended the dynasty. The country reoccupied to focus on establishing a legal code, the political structure once again, survived. A central government system unified China under a new system. Political unification returned as itinerants and nobility were brought together under state control and the bureaucracy was reconstructed. The central government was known as the “System of Three Cabinet and Six Departments”. Three cabinets were a legislative policy making branch, a cogitation branch and an executive branch. Department covered other political needs as
personnel, revenue, formal procedures, justice and the law, and the political working of the governmental systems, which f...
... middle of paper ...
...innovation. Such as movable print, improved seeds for rice and other commercial crops, gunpowder, water-powered mechanical clock, the use of coal as a source of fuel for a variety of industries, improved techniques for
iron and steel production, pound locks and many other technological innovation such as the invention of typography and compass which transformed the economy (Dahlman, Carl J., 2008).
Conclusion: Chinese society has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society. Slave Society. Feudal Society, semi –feudal and Semi – colonial Society, and Socialist Society. The rise and fall of the great dynasties forms a thread that runs through Chinese history, almost from the beginning. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949, China has become a socialist and become stronger and stronger.
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