Political Ideology of the Conservative Party Essay

Political Ideology of the Conservative Party Essay

Length: 2148 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In his 1961, Richard Hornby claimed the Conservative Party was “the prisoner of no rigid set of principles” (Hornby, 1961). Rather, the Conservative party is “sceptical of theory and prefer a pragmatic approach” (Hornby, 1961), implying that “the conservatives [are] least influenced by any given ideology” (Knight, 2006, p34), and that the party “tends to be comfortable working within the assumptions already existing in society” (Ball, 1998, pp 162). This implies that the Conservative party should regarded as Ball states, a way of looking at the world” (Ball, 1998, p 162). Other notable ideas associated with Conservatism are historical flexibility, national unity and adaptability to changing circumstances within society (Ludlam and Smith, 1996, pp4-9). However, such an interpretation is challenged by claims that there are two rigid Conservative principles ;those that get them elected to government defined as policies “clearly popular with the electorate” (Marwick, 2000, p 184), and the Conservative party’s” appetite for power” (Ramsden, 1998, p495). In this essay, it shall be argued that the latter interpretation is the most accurate depiction of Conservative principles, during the period 1951-64. This shall be done by examining, the economic policies of the Conservative party in this period. The areas that will be examined are Conservatism in relation to: the post-1945 consensus surrounding nationalisation and trade unions, the implementation of Keynesianism as an economic orthodoxy, the economic policies of affluence and their political consequences, policy in relation to the Conservative government’s economic record from 1951-1964 and how the government dealt with nationalisation and trade unions, and the economic and politica...

... middle of paper ...

...s, Keith (1979) Politics in Industrial Society: The Experience of the British System Since 1911. London: Andre Deutsch
Ramsden, John (1998), An appetite for power: a history of the Conservative Party since 1830. London: Harper Collins
Rollings, Neil (1994), Neil Rollings, 'Poor Mr Butskell: a short life wrecked by schizophrenia?', Twentieth Century British History, 5 (2) (1994), 183-205
Sampson, Anthony (1967) Macmillan: A Study In Ambiguity. London: Allen Lane
Taylor, Andrew (2002) “Speaking to Democracy: the Conservative Party and Mass Opinion from the 1920s to the 1950s” S. Ball and I. Holliday (eds) in Mass Conservatism: The Conservatives and the Public since the 1880’s. London: Frank Cass
Turner, John (2003) “ Governors, governance and governed: British Politics Since 1945 in Burk, K (eds) The British Isles Since 1945. New York: Oxford University Press

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Democratic Party And The Republican Party Essay

- The United States, comprised of much political diversity, has only two major political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Republican Party was founded by anti-slavery activists on March 20th, 1854, and is represented by its mascot, the elephant. Often referred to as the “Grand Old Party”, or GOP, Republicans favor customs that exude traditional Christian values with a platform based on American Conservatism. As a Christian myself, the values I share with Republican ideals are a main reason I side with the Republican Party....   [tags: Democratic Party, Republican Party, George W. Bush]

Term Papers
1153 words (3.3 pages)

Essay How Partisan Activists Affected Political Machines

- Similar to how partisan activists affected political machines, they currently affect the political elite by exposing their actions. Young states, “Criticism of political processes of discussion and decision making which include only powerful insiders and take place behind closed doors is common and often effective in democratic politics.” In order to limit these events exclusively for political insiders, activists seek to fill the gap between the common people and the political elite. The people of the United States, who compose the electorate, should have access to information regarding government and partisan politics....   [tags: Political party, Politics, Activism, Ideology]

Term Papers
1349 words (3.9 pages)

Socialization, Political Ideology And Social Ideology Essay

- Socialization Political Ideology I was born into poverty. My mother and father took advantage of many welfare programs as I was growing up. When I was five, my parents went their separate ways and our level of poverty increased. She was a single mother raising 3 kids and going to college, which to this day I am still amazed she managed to do so and stay sane, but nevertheless she did for about three years. She then met the man who is now my step-father. The man wasn’t poor, but he wasn’t rich by any means....   [tags: Family, Stepfamily, Voting, Libertarianism]

Term Papers
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Political Ideologies And Politics And Ideology Essay

- These two political ideologies offer to government leaders, policy makers, and thoughtful citizens a set of guides permitting some semblance of coherent conclusions regarding compelling social, economic and political issues. Their common features include rejection of radicalism and its attending violent uprooting of established instructions and practices, acceptance of the need for restraints on the powers of government, advocacy of balance in society regarding individual rights and social powers, and ultimately some root concerns for individual dignity....   [tags: Liberalism, Conservatism, Classical liberalism]

Term Papers
706 words (2 pages)

Essay on Growing Up Liberal By The Green Rainbow Party

- “Growing Up Liberal” I was born in a small conservative town in a largely liberal state, and since I was a little child I have been really involved in the local politics in our town, and state. So from a young age I knew what party I belonged in and I knew roughly my party ideology. When I took the test from Idealog, what it told me was unsurprising. My views on most issues tend to be aligned most with the Green-Rainbow Party, but I am registered to vote as a Democrat and the result of the ideology showed me that, as well as confirming my socialist identification....   [tags: Democracy, Political philosophy, Political party]

Term Papers
1541 words (4.4 pages)

My New Political Ideology Essay

-      A population’s views on political issues may change as different circumstances occur each day. The environment around us has a powerful influence on the decisions that we produce and the views that we as American citizens choose to hold. After a semester in political science class my views and my political ideology have altered. Today I will explain how political science class has influenced my political ideology.      When this class initially began I was sure, without a doubt I was a conservative....   [tags: Political Science Personal Narrative Essays]

Term Papers
1132 words (3.2 pages)

Is Party Competition Still Driven by Ideology? Essay

- Is party competition still driven by ideology. A variety of ideologies and parties nowadays is an inevitable and essential feature of the democracy. Every party by its nature tends to gain the official state legislature position, and essentially every party differs from other ones in its ideological core. The modern political system, parties, believes and attempts are different form those 50 years ago, and it is the normal sequent political world development. It is claimed that the modern party competition is not driven by ideology anymore....   [tags: democracy, economics, culture]

Term Papers
1444 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Political Ideology and Social Problem Analysis

- Abramovitz (2003) states, “To a large extent, the history of social services and social welfare policy consists of the evolving recognition of social needs and the organization of society to meet them” (p. 130). The United States has the highest rates of poverty in the Western world; surprisingly the United States is the richest nation in the world. In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson introduced the War on Poverty. His approach was to expand the government’s role in the citizen’s education and health care, which in return would ensure that Americans had the most basic resources to meet their needs....   [tags: conservatis, welfare]

Term Papers
1953 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on Conservative Politics

- Goldwater was the dream candidate of America in and around 1964. He offered a choice to move out of a capitalist system that most Americans at the time attributed the Depression to. After the Depression, Americans thought that the federal government had an obligation to protect them from those whom Franklin Roosevelt described as “malefactors of great wealth”, and wanted the government to regulate and control those financial interests. Goldwater noted that conservatives "believed the communist projection of man as a producing, consuming animal to be used and discarded was antithetical to all the Christian understandings which are the foundations upon which the Republic stands....   [tags: Political Science]

Term Papers
1379 words (3.9 pages)

Ideology Essay

- Ideology has played an important part in British politics for centuries. It played a part in the setting up of the three major parties as we know them today. Ideology is difficult to define as it is such as widely and loosely used term. Andrew Vincent as well as many other authors, Vincent describes ideology as, ‘the term ’ideology’ was a neologism compounded from the Greek terms eidos and logos. It can be defined as a ‘science of ideas’ (Vincent: 2009:p.1). Even from this definition it is difficult to fully understand the term ‘ideology’ as it has such a broad definition....   [tags: British Politics]

Term Papers
1992 words (5.7 pages)