People faced the rise and the fall of the Catholic Church during the medieval time. The Popes used to hold the final authority for the church and over the state. Pope Gregory VII asserted the Pope had granted the divine power from God because Saint Peter was the first of getting this honor. Pope Gregory VII also suggested people and royals of a kingdom should all look upon Churches because they are the heads of the government. Their decision and opinion should not be questioned and must be followed. On the other hand, Gregory VII has also mentioned the kings and princes were “raised by pride, plunder, treachery, murder” (Perry, 227), which implied churches were the ultimate virtue and people should worship God. Pope Gregory VII had outlined the rules of the Pope in order to protect their rights, including Pope had the right to reform the church by proposing new laws and creating new bishoprics, princes (royals) should kiss the foot of the pope, and the pope had the power to depose emperors. These rules belittled the princes but raised the status of the Pope (1). Thus, Pope held the absolute authority over state. However, Churches had experienced several attempts from the nobles to challenge the authority due to Churches’ unlimited power over the state between 1000 and 1500C...
... middle of paper ...
...eople started living a religion-dominated life, and experienced active sexism towards women. These changes, both positive and negative, have become a significant part of European History.
1. Pope Gregory, VII. “The Second Letter to Bishop Herman of Metz and The Dictatus Papae.” Sources of Western Tradition Volume 1. By Marvin Perry. Boston: Wadsworth, 2006. 226-229. Print.
2. Aquinas, Thomas, Saint. “Summa Thelogia.” Sources of Western Tradition Volume 1. By Marvin Perry. Boston: Wadsworth, 2006. 239-241. Print.
3. Perry, Marvin. “On Love and Marriage.” Sources of Western Tradition Volume 1. Boston : Wadsworth, 2006. 259-261. Print.
4. Pisan, Christine de. “The City of Ladies.” Sources of Western Tradition Volume 1. By Marvin Perry. Boston: Wadsworth, 2006. 256-258. Print.
McKay, John. History of Western Society. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 291-396. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... The fifth provision which stated, “Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of imperial rule,” is perhaps the most important because it officially opened Japan to the world. It encouraged the modernisation of the country by encouraging the Japanese people to study the Western world and adopt their social, political and economic systems to Japan if possible. The new leaders also thought that a constitutional government would put Japan on par with the Western powers.... [tags: social, political and economic changes]
634 words (1.8 pages)
- The rise of the West refers to a period of time when Western Europe rose to power due to many environmental, political, and social factors. Many historians attribute the Rise of the West to the time period of 1450 to 1850. This power surge of Western Europe has been attributed to the global dominance of Western Europe and America in the 21 century. The interesting aspect regarding the Rise of the West is how Western Europe developed so differently from other parts of the world, leading it to be the superpower of the world.... [tags: Global Economy, Social Changes ]
1237 words (3.5 pages)
- Despite the vast geographical differences throughout the area that makes up China, once the various tribes and clans were unified under a consolidated ruler, China’s empires were able to grow in size and sophistication that rivaled any civilization in the west. However, while the western civilizations saw empires rise and fall due to conquering armies from different regions, creeds, and ethnic groups, China’s political change came from within. Whereas the disenfranchised social classes in the west were made up of conquered people from differing nations, the uprisings in China came from different clans that were successful in ousting the previous ruling dynasty.... [tags: Political leaders, Dynasties]
850 words (2.4 pages)
- The Sixteen century was difficult times for both England and Russia; each having leaders that experienced family violent and obstacles to their rights to the throne. Queen Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603), her mother was killed when she was young, and she was considered illegitimate for the throne. She finally inherited the throne after the bad leaderships of her cousin Lady Grey, and that of her half-sister Mary I. Her inheritance was bankrupt and secondary to Spain in Europeans’ affairs.... [tags: Economy, Social Changes]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- Introduction Europe’s diverse social models are rigid and protectionist and were a result of years of steady global economic growth. However, the rapid changes of the global economy in the twenty-first century have created a multitude of threats and opportunities for the European economy. Two of the crucial policies – the Single Market and the monetary union could enable the transformation of its economy to address the challenges of globalization. In this paper, we analyze the affects of these social models on European firms through the eyes of the German auto industry and Volkswagen.... [tags: Economics ]
1976 words (5.6 pages)
- This growing influence of the mass media and changes in communication has led to the subordination of the power of other influential institutions in society. “This process is referred to as “mediatisation” and as a result of mediatisation institutions in society and society as a whole is shaped by and ultimately dependent on the mass media” (Mazzoleni and Schulz 1999: 247 – 261). This ultimately means a “media logic” has formed. In relation to politics the theory of mediatisation is extremely relevant as it is argued that the media shapes political campaigns and political figures.... [tags: media shapes political campaigns]
2396 words (6.8 pages)
- Puerto Rico and Cuba are known to be the two wings of the same bird, mostly because of their great similarities in history, culture, and struggles; yet, because of their differences in achieving their goals of self-government. Cuba was able to have full independence from Spain and have its own form of government; nonetheless, Puerto Rico, after achieving its independence from Spain, was annexed by the United States of America toward the conclusion of the Spanish-American War. Both of these islands, under Spanish rule, survived violent political policies and excessive military personnel in their lands and were able to achieve a form of sovereignty.... [tags: sovereignity, commonwealth, United States]
2129 words (6.1 pages)
- Introduction The number of revolutions in the last 3 decades has increased, and seems to keep increasing. Civil unrest and protests brought many victims including civil and political figures throughout the world. In the era where technology is at the peak of its success, especially in communication technologies, mankind suffers from lack of communication. Problem is not caused by the technology itself, the problem is in human nature. I will continue with an analogy. Man invented the knife, which is very useful tool in our daily lives.... [tags: Social Media Essays]
3253 words (9.3 pages)
- The Decline of Corporatist Bargaining The sustained, high economic growth in Western Europe during the post-war period until 1973 led to dramatic changes in the region's political economy. As advances in transportation and communication extended the reach of international trade into new areas of the world, as technological advances allowed establishment of manufacturing facilities overseas, and as European real wages climbed to unprecedented heights, the industrial base that had served as the foundation for rapid Western European growth in the 1950's and 1960's increasingly moved to Western Europe's poorer neighbors.... [tags: Economics Essays]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- Daniel Elazar, Bogus or Brilliant: A Study of Political Culture Across the American States American states each have individual political cultures which are important to our understanding of their political environments, behavior, and responses to particular issues. While voters probably do not consciously think about political culture and conform to that culture on election day, they seem to form cohesive clusters in different areas of the state, creating similar group political ideologies. Because of these similarities, it is possible to measure the dominant political culture within states or areas of a state, gaining insight into the mind-set of state residents.... [tags: Politics Political Science Essays]
6107 words (17.4 pages)