Pol Pot Became Khmer Rouge Essays

Pol Pot Became Khmer Rouge Essays

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Three days, told to walk for three days to evade the bombs and then they could return home, but the bombs never came, the walk continued, and what waited for them was a true horror. Leading up to the communist takeover, lasting from 1975-1979, was the formation of the Khmer Rouge in the 1950s. The Khmer Rouge was an assemblage of angry peasant farmers seeking salvation in communism. In the 1960s, Pol Pot became head of the Khmer Rouge and organized the overthrowal of Cambodia’s government, headed by Lon Nol. By 1975 they had complete control and began their regime of reforming Cambodia into a classless, agrarian, communist state by the name of New Kampuchea. To complete their reformation they acted out the Cambodian genocide, killing essentially all upper class and educated so as to glorify the Khmer race of hard workers. The Khmer Rouge regime over Cambodia in the second half of the 1970s is characterized by the persecution and genocide of all people deemed “traitors” to the Khmer Rouge, enslavement of the Khmer people, and the strict communist, authoritarian oppression that ruled them.
Genocide was one of the traits of the Khmer Rouge’s New Kampuchea, this was often seen in the use of prisons or more correctly referred to as “execution facilities.” Tuol Sleng, previously called S-21, was probably the most infamous of Khmer Rouge prisons, here 20,000 prisoners died and only seven were ever know to make it out alive. The largest massacre in Tuol Sleng was on May 27. 1978 and 582 were executed that day. An even gorier occurrence than a typical day at Tuol Sleng was during the January of 1979 when fleeing Khmer officials slit the throats of all remaining prisoners and left them chained to their cots, blood spilling out. At a typic...


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...s New Kampuchea, resulted in
the destruction of countless innocent lives and the developing country was sent several steps backwards. The destruction was well known for its genocide, ensalvement, and communist, authoritarian oppression. After the Khmer people were liberated many sought refuge in other countries, mainly the U.S. but others stayed behind where they and their children continued to rebuild what they once called home. The Cambodian genocide though traumatic was not the last of its kind because in the next twenty or so years the Rwandan genocide and Bosnian genocide among others would come about. All the death and destruction in this world and no one talks about any of it because then they feel guilty, snug in their white curtain houses and the news does not profit off of guilt. No one learns and no one remembers and no one apologizes for their ignorance.

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