POL 190: Introduction to Comparative Politics – Midterm Exams
Democratization/Transition to democracy
Democratization is a systemic changeover to a democratic or self governing political regime. It also involves transition from a dictatorial administrative system to a complete democracy. It opposes the values instigated by an authoritarian political regime. For instance, it is notable that the Egypt’s 2013 July military expulsion of President Mohamed Morsi absolutely manifested the country’s crash in its attempts to realize a democratic transition (Brown 45). This upheaval followed the 2011’s mass rebellion against authoritarian rule of President Morsi.
According to Drogus and Orvis, military coup is an abrupt change of the ruling regime in a country through the actions of armed of forces (12). The military usually takes over the government when it feels that it is not functioning as it should. Furthermore, the military may also overthrow the government so as to fulfil its own interests. In comparative politics, military coups are analysed in terms of their positive or negative impacts as well as their recurrence over time. Madagascar is a good example of military takeover, when in the year 2009, the then president, Marc Ravalomanana, was overthrown by the military. It is important to note that numerous reasons exist to explain why a military force of a given country can decide to stage a coup to overthrow an existing government. Political influences, economic downturn, human rights violation, and bad governance can contribute massively to the coup (Lampton 64).
The failure of a state can be defined as the inability of that state to carry out its mandate in terms of providing basic services ...
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...acy. The endemic corruption could potentially lead to state failure as it denies the public the chance to enjoy the full benefits of Nigeria’s resources (Bara and Pennington 121).
Bara, Judith L, and Mark Pennington. Comparative Politics. London: Sage Publications, 2009. Internet resource.
Brown, Nathan. Tracking the “Arab Spring”: Egypt’S Failed Transition. Journal of Democracy, 24.4 (2013), 45-58.
Caramani, Daniele. Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
Drogus, Carol A, and Stephen W. Orvis. Introducing Comparative Politics: Concepts and Cases in Context. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2012. Print.
Lampton, David. How China is Ruled. 2014. Print.
Ogundiya, Ilufoye S, Akinpelu O. Olutayo, and Jimoh Amzat. Assessment of Democratic Trends in Nigeria. New Delhi: Gyan Pub. House, 2011. Print.