The basis of plea-bargaining is to control the amount of cases going through the criminal justice system. With over millions of arrest a year, the amount of work required to process criminal cases and take them to trial would not be feasible. The United States justice system uses plea-bargaining to drastically reduce the number of criminal cases that go to trial per year, especially since plea-bargaining accounts for roughly ninety percent of criminal cases in the United States. (Sandeur, 2003). The rationale behind plea-bargaining is a system that fosters efficiency for the judicial system. Although accepting the plea bargain sacrifices the s...
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...es in the criminal justice system by incentivizing an agreement between prosecutors and defendants in exchange for lesser charges for the defendant, less time spent on trials for the courts, and less money spent on the court system. The practice works significantly well if the outcome of the trial is essentially known and in no need of litigation because it saves enormous time for all parties. The shortening of cases for lawyers means these lawyers can now work on more severe cases where the outcome is not as clear. The plea-bargain is highly scrutinized because it exchanges less court and less spending of money for less punishment, however, in reality in the United States without the practice would suffer from overcrowding of courts, large inefficiencies as demand could not match supply, and many millions would be allocated to support the influx of new court cases.
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