Platonic Dualism versus Atman Essay

Platonic Dualism versus Atman Essay

Length: 762 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Dualism Vs Atman
“What is really real?“ is a question that one has pondered at some point in his or her life. When this question is proposed many basic things become a complex never ending winding staircase of unsolved mysteries. Two philosophers who sought to find the answer were Plato and Shankara. Plato is found in history as one of Socrates star pupil and can be said to be one of the greatest philosophers in western philosophy. Shankara was commonly known throughout Indian philosophy. The two philosophers developed two ways of thinking: Plato Dualism and Shankara the concept of Atman. These two ways of thinking are alike but different in numerous ways.
Platonic dualism can be defined as a metaphysical theory that two fundamentally different things, usually characterized as mind and matter (body), are real. # In our reality we have physical things such as rocks, light, electricity and our own brains. But since there are physical things there are mental things also such as ideas, sensations, spirits and Gods. According to dualism, humans consists of two parts: body and soul. Our soul has the power of thought which is considered the most powerful thing. For instance, lets say we always look at people for their physical attributes, we may see the person as attractive, their body features are perfect for us but if we fail to look at the other half which is their mental being then we are deceived by looks in the end. If all we do is look at things physical then we can assume the wrong idea.
Shankara’s Concept of Atman is the Hindu notion of True Self or pure consciousness or the Brahman within. Atman has five sheaths unlike dualism whom has two parts. The five sheaths of Atman are: 1.) the bodily self consisting the essence of ...

... middle of paper ...

...l?” comes from within. A person can not determine what’s really real until they look at everything from a physical and mental point and comes to accept things not for how they are physically but how they are mentally. Not one theory can describe what’s really real because how do we ourselves know what is really real.

Works Cited

Kessler, Gary E. “Glossary.” Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader. Belmont: Wadsworth Pub, 2010. 612. Print.

Kessler, Gary E. “Nondualism.” Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader. Belmont: Wadsworth Pub, 2010. 431. Print.

Kessler, Gary E. “Nondualism.” Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader. Belmont: Wadsworth Pub, 2010. 430. Print.

Kessler, Gary E. “The Crest Jewel of Discrimination.” Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader. Belmont: Wadsworth Pub, 2010. 432. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Between Substance Dualism And Dualism

- In this paper, I will explain and argue for two-way interactive substance dualism. Dualism is a term referred to the idea that there are only two basic kinds of things and everything real is categorized under those two things. Dualism is split into two types, substance dualism, and property dualism. Substance dualism is the idea that the mind and body are two different sorts of basic substance, whereas property dualism is our mental and physical properties are two separate types of basic properties even though they may be properties of the same thing (lecture)....   [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Dualism, Brain]

Strong Essays
1311 words (3.7 pages)

Cartesian Dualism, Substance Dualism And Property Dualism Essays

- The first three perspectives of philosophy of mind are of dualism. They are Cartesian dualism, substance dualism, and property dualism. Cartesian dualism is the view “That mind and body are completely independent of one another and interact causally,” (Vaughn 198). The major flaw of Cartesian dualism is that it is incompatible with science (Vaughn 206). It violates the causal closure of the physical, which affirms a physical cause for every physical effect and that nonphysical or mental causes are excessive (Vaughn 206-207)....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Dualism, Consciousness]

Strong Essays
722 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Difference Between Romantic And Platonic Love

- Movies only scratch the surface of “best friends.” You see the typical girl duo that gossips and shops, completely joined at the hip, never without one another. They trade secrets and inside jokes like playing cars, and their names go hand in hand. That perception isn’t wrong; it’s just not the whole truth. Your best friend should be all that movies say, but it’s so much more complex than that. Have you ever met someone and when you start talking you’re left wondering where they’ve been all your life....   [tags: Love, Interpersonal relationship, Platonic love]

Strong Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on The Truth About Platonic Friendships

- The researcher's qualitative research consisted of speaking with platonic friends of the opposite sex in casual random settings. The qualitative research was completely random using friends by chance that had no idea of the experiment. In doing so the researcher realizes that it is unethical, but figured it was the only way to find the real answers to his problem. During the conversation the researcher at one point or another came to ask the same four questions to all of the subjects involved in the experiment....   [tags: Platonic Love and Friendship]

Free Essays
976 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Tractarian Dualism

- While Wittgenstein’s Tractatus keeps issues of metaphysics and ontology at arm’s length, the world it presents seems altogether monistic in character. In Wittgenstein’s account, it is a world of objects and facts, a world which lacks selves, values, cognitive relations (such as belief), and God. I argue that the Tractarian world is nevertheless dualistic. I defend the view that the Tractatus points away from monism towards dualism and that Wittgenstein’s concepts of thought, sense, and understanding are an essential part of its structure....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
4017 words (11.5 pages)

The Concept of Dualism Essay examples

- I believe that the popular or "ghost in the machine" form of substance dualism best solves the mind body problem. My views in this area have been influenced by my twelve years of Catholic education. The soul, or mind, depending on your level of belief, was a complete and separate entity and was the center of a human being. The body was an ambulatory device that the soul directed. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of substance dualism....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)

The Argument of Dualism Essay

- Arguments of Dualism Dualism is the theory that mind and matter are two distinct things. The main argument for dualism is that facts about the objective external world of particles and fields of force, as revealed by modern physical science, are not facts about how things appear from any particular point of view, whereas facts about subjective experience are precisely about how things are from the point of view of individual conscious subjects. They have to be described in the first person as well as in the third person....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The Argument of Dualism

- In my mind, dualism is a more attractive view to take when considering the mind-brain issue. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of dualism. One reason it appeals to me is because of my religion, my Catholic upbringing. Introspection is another good reason why dualism is a little more logical to me than materialism.. It logically explains why the mind and brain are separate. Also, the divisibility argument raises good points to allow dualism to appear to be the more attractive idea in my eyes....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
963 words (2.8 pages)

Descartes and Dualism Essay

- Descartes and Dualism "I think therefore I am," the well known quote of Rene Descartes, is the basis of his theory known as dualism. The intermingling of mind and body or res extensa (extended substance) and res cogitans (thinking substance) displays Descartes' ideas of a "genuine human being" (Cottingham 7). Known as the father of modern philosophy, Descartes realized that one could not analyze a problem simply on the common sense level, but that one must "probe to the micro-level" (Cottingham 4)....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
612 words (1.7 pages)

Descartes' Theory of Substance Dualism Essays

- Descartes' Theory of Substance Dualism Throughout the history of man, philosophers have tried to come up with an explanation of where our minds, or consciousness, came from and how we are able to have a nonphysical characteristic of ourselves. Does our physical brain automatically give us nonphysical characteristics like feelings, thoughts, and desires or is there something else there, the mind, that interacts with our bodies and makes us feel, think, and desire. Also, is the mind the only nonphysical entity in our universe or do other entities exist such as ghosts or souls....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

Strong Essays
795 words (2.3 pages)