Before I can answer the question posed I have to answer a sub question what is being just even mean. To us in modern times being a just person means if I hit a parked car I leave my insurance and contact information or I see a person who is in need of something and I help them well if someone’s watching you. In my opinion all being just means today is nothing more than doing the right thing when a camera is pointed in your direction, when someone is watching you, when you can benefit from it or you can tweet or post it on Facebook. I assume being just in Plato’s time was really just being rich, affluent and powerful. The text supports this feeling toward society.
What does it mean to be a just person or is it even an attainable thing? If we listen to Glaucons argument he tells the legend of the ring of Gyges. Gyges was a Shepheard of a king. He was going to check on his flock and he discovered a body wearing nothing but a gold ring. The shepherds met once a month during this meeting he slipped on the ring and went invisible. He decided to put the ring to the test and when he realized it was powerful he used it for evil. He seduced the queen had the king killed and took over the kingdom. Glaucon then went on to say that the Just man would commit the same atrocities as the unjust man. Surely this would be strong proof that men do right only under compulsion; no individual thinks of it as good for him personally, since he does wrong whenever he finds he has the power. Every man believes that wrong doing pays him personally much better, and, according to this theory,...
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...erent types of character .”(129)
The three parts of the soul are reason, appetites and the spirited element. The reason is what’s known as the super ego. Knowing what you should and ought to to do. The next part is appetite or Replenishing at need, not being a glutton. The final part of the soul is the spirited element or the force behind your soul. In order to have a just soul these parts must work together and reason has to be the strongest.
Why is being just good for me? Honestly some of what Plato says is worth keeping around. I really like the idea of high moral standards and the belief in your fellow citizens. However I don’t like anything else about being a just person in Plato’s state, especially blindly following the state and accepting everything they tell me. Being just is a great standard of life but, being just in just society isn’t all it seems to be.
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