The charges of the present accusers were primarily the reasons why Socrates was on trial. Meletus was the accuser who accused Socrates of two charges. In order to defense himself, Socrates had a dialogue which was mostly a monologue with Meletus. Meletus had to respond to a series of questions that Socrates presented to him in a way that was known as the Socratic Method. The purpose of the Socratic Method was to have a conversation with Meletus who was put in the witness position. By asking several questions, Socrates could ultimately undermine the credibility of Meletus. In other words, Meletus can be shown that he did not know what he was talking about and he never cared about the matter. Since Meletus was the accuser of Socrates, this was a good strategy for Socrates to defend himself against the charges. If Meletus was shown that he “cannot offer a consistent account of the charge against him [Socrates]” (Apology 19), then the Athenian Council should not be followed Meletus’ words. This strategy, the Socratic Method, was known as the cross-examination method that was being applied in nowadays courts.
In response to the first accusation o...
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...ntradicted himself as he asserted that “this is what I say, that you do not believe in gods at all” (Apology 76). How could Socrates be an atheist and at the same time believe in divinities? Furthermore, Meletus explained why he said that with another statement: “since he declares that the sun is stone and the moon is earth” (Apology 76). In fact, Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was the person stated that the sun and the moon were not Gods. Once again, Meletus was trapped in a contradiction and was not aware of the consequence of the statement he had made.
In short, the Athenian council was biased and Socrates was right. Throughout the defense process, the jury could see how Meletus just tried to put Socrates down whenever he can and Meletus looked like a fool. To me, Socrates should not have been convicted because he had successfully defended himself with reasonable logic.
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