In Plato‘s the Apology, Plato describes that Socrates is sentenced to death of the crime of “corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods the state believes in, but in other new spiritual beings” (24c). In Plato’s the Crito, Crito who is the faithful friend of Socrates is attempting to rescue him. However, Socrates still manifests that he will not leave Athens and he would rather take the death penalty magnanimously. The quotation of the Laws of Athens is the part of the conversation between Socrates and Crito under this situation. In this paper, I am going to argue that the Laws of Athens are not totally correct here, the objection is more successful than the Laws.
According to the previous conversation, in my opinion, I think that the Laws state that there is nothing worth to argue here because Socrates have had the right to leave Athens since he reached the manhood. Upon he has attained manhood, as the citizen of Athens, he is free to review the Laws and persuade to change. If he does not like the Laws, he is free to take his property and leave the city, but he has yet stayed in the city for seventy years which means that he agrees to follow the Laws of Athens. If Socrates continues to argue with the court or try to flee by Crito’s help, he will break the Laws of the city. Briefly, the Laws can be understood as that Socrates agrees with the Laws of Athens by living here for seventy years contentedly without having any disagreement, so Socrates will break the Laws by escaping the prison and arguing the city’s covenants are unfair. There is no reason for Socrates to oppose the Laws of Athens.
However, I cannot completely agree with this argument because I think the reason that Socrates will confess the death penalty...
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...n play do not mean they enjoy living here. They might have other considerations to stay, for example, one person move to another city for promotion of his job or someone who moves to a new city for his spouse. These examples indicate that not everyone enjoy their lives in a particular place, so for these people, they do not have obligation to the city.
Nevertheless, although the objection is more successful than the Laws of Athens to convince people, I think the death of Socrates is not only because of the unjust Laws. The people in Athens are still respect him, that is why they will treat him seriously and put him in jail. Drifting away the idea of justice, Socrates’s idea challenges the society. Each society has its limit to tolerate, the behavior of Socrates provoke the authority of Athens openly. In this case, Socrates die for the insistence of his own belief.
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