Essay on Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave

Essay on Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave

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Likewise, Plato’s philosopher king also uses the same concept but calls it “Justice” or “Good.” Similarly, to Machiavelli, who needs his Prince to have virtù to lead the people, Plato necessitates that his king use philosophical knowledge and emphasize justice to guide the unenlightened masses towards a just and stable society as well. When Socrates discusses the allegory of the cave, he remarks how when rulers must descend “to the general underground abode” where the masses “reside,” the ruler “will see a thousand times better than [the inhabitants of the cave]…because [the ruler has] seen the truth about things admirable and just and good” (Plato 520c). Plato believes that by seeing beyond the cave, and understanding the situation he exists in, the leader will have the appropriate ability to bring foresight and intelligence when making difficult decisions. While Plato’s and Machiavelli’s means of educating, changing and legitimizing political communities differ, the two philosophers share the same goal of using the benevolent dictators’ attained knowledge to lead the masses and their governments to prosperity and good fortune.
It’s important to note that the effective leadership of the philosophers’ benevolent dictators only comes to fruition due to the use of virtuous theoretical concepts, which lend a practical viewpoint for their administration. Plato and Machiavelli see their worlds as ever-changing through their states’ political and social setbacks, but both find solace in philosophical ideas or notions that define the fundamental features of their leader.
In The Republic, Socrates argues that a ruler who employs Justice and Good is the best ruler. He considers the absolute Good important because it isn’t swayed toward an...


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...ill allow the leader to directly change society into a worthy political state.
Although Machiavelli and Plato viewed the state of political philosophies in different ways, they both present an outstandingly parallel approach to the principles, knowledge, skills, and characteristics their respective benevolent dictators should employ. Each conceives of a singular, strong ruler who will emerge from his morally or civically failing societies to resurrect good principles and governance in order to reestablish a stable and virtuous society. While the two philosophers differ in specifics, both seek a leader who will bring unity and strength to their respective lands, avoiding bloodshed as much as possible. Thus, Machiavelli’s virtù and Plato’s Justice demonstrate that political stability is achieved through cruelty or violence, but leadership through knowledge and ability.

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