Plato 's Republic, By Plato

991 Words4 Pages
In Plato 's Republic, Plato argues that those with balanced souls, ruled by reason, are able to keep their unnecessary desires from becoming lawless and extreme. He also believes that human beings have three main parts to their psyche. These include desire (such as appetite), will, and reason. Plato believes that each of these can dominant at different levels in different people. In Book IX, 581c-e, he outlines his second and last arguments. Plato’s second argument distinguishes three types of persons, focusing on the one which is happiest; and his final argument is an analysis of pleasure. Plato’s argument distinguishes three types of persons, and which of these persons would be the happiest. In the excerpt he begins by asking if the reader is aware, that each of the three men would believe themselves to be happiest. While posing the question he labels what he believes to be the three parts of the psyche, or “classes”. In the text, Plato gives reference to each of the three parts of the psyche, which constitute to each type of man. , As such,the text shows that there are three basic types of humans, each whom relationally seek different things in life. To Plato, the most important of the men, is found to be the man of reason, who loves truth and knowledge; followed with the man of desire, who 's pleasure is derived from illusory antecedent ideas of “pain”(such as appetite). Plato then goes on to mention the wilful man. He uses the wilful man as an example of those who follow illusory pleasures of the soul, becoming angry, as they 're always seeking more. Each of the men are described as following different things in relation to the governing part of their soul. The man who seeks Reason, seeks knowledge; The Wilful man, is the... ... middle of paper ... ...inks of the other pleasures compared with the delight of knowing the truth and the reality, and being always occupied with that while he learn?” Meaning, that Plato believes the man of reason and knowledge (such as a philosopher) is the happiest, and will remain as such as he continues to learn, as he understands the difference between the necessary and unnecessary pleasures in life, and will always be occupied with the “delight of knowing the truth and the reality" as Plato states within the text. In conclusion, the excerpt from the text sees Plato explaining his belief that Reason must be the dominant part of the soul, to ensure a person is at their happiest. As the man of reason pertains not only the ability to understand, and find happiness from the other parts of his soul, but also the ability to keep the unnecessary desires from becoming lawless within his body

More about Plato 's Republic, By Plato

Open Document