Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave Essay

Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave Essay

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Plato claims that self-existent and unchanging forms and not the reality obtained through sensory experience are perfect concepts for objects that can be seen in our physical reality. In his Allegory of the Cave, Plato explains how a slave could be set free from chains to the shadows of this world by becoming aware of the higher reality of forms (the objects’ true forms once they leave the cave). His allegory claims that all humans are held prisoner in darkness as we believe actual reality to be the things that we can see around us. However, there is a true reality that exists beyond the physical world. For Plato, he believed we experience this absolute reality when our soul detaches from the body. He believed that the body and soul are two separate entities and claimed that the soul is immortal and once it disconnects from the body it gets to live in the realm of pure forms. These Platonic ideas also influenced another philosopher named Augustine who believed that the path to ultimate reality was also the path to God. These ideas can be found in Christianity as well. In the Christian faith, it is believed that there is a perfect being that is eternal, unchanging, has absolute truth, and creates all that is seen in the universe, this being is one they call God.
3. Similarly, in the way that philosophy helped inspire religious ideologies, philosophic thought also majorly influenced the scientific field. Aristotle, whom was Plato’s student and Greek philosopher wrote his text On the Soul, which included many ideas that ultimately set the foundation of sciences like biology and psychology. Aristotle looked at the characteristics of living things and juxtaposed them to all inanimate objects. His theories focused on the types of souls...


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...ations of First Philosophy, Descartes argues that there are certain things that we cannot confirm to be true. We cannot know for certain that what we are dreaming is not reality, and similarly, that what we are living is not a dream. Descartes argues that our knowledge of what "is" has been shaped by our environment and by our senses, and that because of this we must be weary as to what is in fact reality. Because we rely so heavily on our sense perception, we must carefully analyze that state of our being and determine whether it is reality or not. Throughout his meditations, Descartes tells us that he will be breaking down what he thinks he knows, and will be revisiting his "truths" to rebuild and solidify them as factual realities. His entire meditation writings were about reestablishing his proposed truths through rational thoughts and not sense experiences.

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