Plato's rhetoric uses dialogue and dialectic as a means of making meaning known. Anthony Petruzzi says that Plato’s “Truth is neither a correspondence with an "objective" reality, nor does it exist solely as a coherent relation to a set of social beliefs; rather, truth is concomitantly a revealing and a concealing, or a withdrawing arrival” (Petruzzi 6). However, for Plato truth becomes a matter of correspondence or correctness in “the agreement of the mental concept (or representation) with the thing” (Petruzzi 7). In other words, the tr...
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... thus aiding in the process of decision making and acceptance of knowledge” (199).
For both Plato and Aristotle, the end goal was truth and justice. For Plato, rhetoric must be used for good purposes in order to persuade the one through discourse. Rhetoric for Aristotle, on the other hand, was that truth could be attained by arguing and understanding both sides with the use of knowledge and enthymemes, thus deciding in the end what is best. For Plato, the main use of rhetoric should have been to instruct as opposed to being used just to persuade. Persuasion without the intentions of discerning the difference between good and bad was unsettling for Plato. In contrast, Aristotle believed that not all spectators could be informed effectively and that some needed aid to be persuaded. In lieu of all of their differences, both had major effects on rhetoric in history.
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