Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy On Happiness And How It Is Achieved Essay

Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy On Happiness And How It Is Achieved Essay

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Introduction
Plato and Aristotle are renowned Greek philosophers who arguably proved to be great thinkers in their lifetime. Plato started his work in Athens as a philosopher and he played a big role in the development of the political philosophy. Apart from his philosophical works, Plato also took part in the development of science, mathematics and Christianity. In the republic, he sets out to define what is justice and its role to the society. On the other hand, Aristotle dealt mostly with political science. Just like Plato, Aristotle started an academy called Lyceum whereby its members did research in politics and philosophy. One of the philosophical works that Aristotle authored is the Nicomachean Ethics which focused on happiness and how it is achieved. Therefore, the two philosophers’ works are comparable since they dealt a lot with human element of character.
In The republic, Plato believes that individual justice is very important in any political body. It enables any person to play their role in the society and achieve pleasure. The soul of an individual is structured into three parts. There is the rational part that deals with philosophical inclinations, the spiritual part that is responsible for human feelings of hunger and finally the appetitive part that is after all lustful things. For a just individual, the rational part rules while the spiritual part supports the rule as the appetitive part of the soul submits to the reasoning it is led to. This means that the soul is more concerned with fulfilling the rational part just as in a just society where the members aim at following what the ruler does. According to Plato, justice is good for it brings pleasure.
The Nicomachean ethics goal is to determine how to achieve h...


... middle of paper ...


...in contrasts in these excerpts.
Conclusively, it’s evident that the two philosophers worked for the good of the society regardless of the great contrast in these excerpts. Their work brought an impact on the society considering that most of their ethics are relevant in modern society. Both Plato and Aristotle recognized that justice is a fatal virtue that any society needs for its harmony. Through their arguments about what is justice, they bring out a revolution in political philosophy. The two however differ how virtues are acquired. Their dedication in finding out where human could get pleasure sought to improve the lives of the society members. The two disagree about the role of knowledge in achievement of virtues. Although the two philosophers differ in many ways, it’s evident that they had a strong desire to oversee that those in the society lived a better life.

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