Plato And Aristotle 's Influence On Education Essays

Plato And Aristotle 's Influence On Education Essays

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Education is a process of learning in which we acquire knowledge and skills under the guidance of a teacher. Ideas, information and culture are conveyed from one generation to another (Murphy, 2006). Education is the development by which we are formed as human beings and by which a society preserves and transforms itself. Education is the most important way in which we can fight oppression, injustice and inequality by promoting and fighting for equality and justice in our society (Norris, personal communication, September 4, 2013). There has been some sort of education, whether being formal or informal, ever since human beings existed. Many of our education policies and systems originate from ancient Greece. Likewise, there are many Greek educators and philosophers who influenced our education system today. The purpose of this paper is to identify the significance and contributions of four of these educators, who include Sappho, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, by observing their major contributions to education. Furthermore, this paper will discuss the relationship between these four philosophers, the key components of their philosophy of education, and their contributions to modern day education.
Significance of Sappho, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

Sappho, born around 630 B.C, was an ancient Greek educator best known for her poetry. “Sappho was from a family of some social prominence and an aristocratic world view is represented in her poetry” (Murphy, 2006, p. 17). Sappho’s poetry was unique in the sense that she described her feelings about love and loss from a first person perspective. In a time where power was equated with masculinity, it was remarkable that such an influential figure was, indeed, female. Her work is the ea...

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...compulsory public schools, a model that is still active today (Murphy, 2006). Aristotle also founded a school, the Lyceum, which was similar to Plato’s Academy. At the Lyceum, manual skills were not stressed; a more formal curriculum was set.
In conclusion, education has been around for centuries and plays an important role in shaping who we are as human beings and molding our society. Sappho, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, four ancient Greek educators, have contributed to the advancement of education in many ways. Sappho introduced women’s role in education as a poet, while Socrates developed the Socratic method in which information is gained by asking questions. Plato was the first to advocate teaching men and women, constructing their education based ability rather than gender. Lastly, Aristotle developed the sciences of biology, logic, and literary criticism.

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