Essay on Planning Systems in Artificial Intelligence

No Works Cited
Length: 1551 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Planning is a useful application in artificial intelligence field. It can be applied to solve many practical problems in various fields such as In manufacturing : reconfiguration production line in order to increase flexibility of the production line, In government service: schedule the train to maximize customer satisfaction. Etc. This paper overviews some idea of the classical and reactive planning. The classical planning assumes that the initial world does not change while the planning is being execute. But in the real world, It is possible to have some unexpected event happen when plan is executing such as machine break during the production plan. Reactive planning is a new idea that allows planner to reactive with the environments.

Planning system in AI is an agent that can develop a strategy to achieve its goal by finding a series of actions that can have a desirable outcome. Planning system uses the reason about actions as an essential component to solve many practical problems.

For example, in most manufacturing, there is a trend to higher capitalization in plant, smaller batch sizes and tighter controls on inventories. All these trends argue for computer control of the manufacturing process which requires reasoning about actions at almost every level, from process routing, to setting up the job shop. In competitive markets with small batch sizes, manufacturers must be able to reconfigure in response to shifts in customer demands for products and to contractual obligations. Mathematical modeling and operations-research techniques, while appropriate for long range predictions, cannot accomplish shorter-term tactical planning when it is important to have a clear understanding of the ...

... middle of paper ...

...r produces a world model that satisfies the goal. Classical planner assume that the world state is not change during the plan is execute. But Reactive planning allow the world stat to change during the plan

1. Richard E.Fikes, Nils J. Nilsson, " STRIPS : A new approach to the application of theorem proving to problem solving" , Artificial intelligence an international journal, 1971, vol. 2
2. David E. Wilkins, " Practical Planning" , Morgan Kaufmann publisher, 1988
3. Matt Ginsberg, "Essentials of Artificial intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann publisher, 1993
4. Nils J. Nilsson, "Principles of Artificial Intelligence" Tioga publishing, 1980.
5. Avron Barr., Edward A. Feigenbaum "The Handbook of Artificial intelligence" William Kaufmann, Inc., 1981.
6. Sandra Carberry, "Plan recognition natural language dialogue", The MIT Press, 1990

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
The Connections Between Artificial Intelligence and Other Fields Essay - The Connections Between Artificial Intelligence and Other Fields. Abstract Through examples from several fields, this paper will describe the connections between Artificial Intelligence and other areas. Some of these areas make great contributions to AI research, others gain knowledge and technique from that same AI research. This paper will further detail the incredible capacity of AI research to be applied elsewhere to solve similar problems. The goal of this paper is to describe to the reader the impact that AI can create on seemingly unrelated fields....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence AI]
:: 4 Works Cited
1732 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Fuzzy Systems and Machine Intelligence Essay - Fuzzy Systems and Machine Intelligence Abstract: Our natural language is perhaps the most powerful form of communicating information for any given problem or situation. Combining natural language and numerical information into fuzzy systems provides the framework to represent knowledge, constraints and inference procedures. Fuzzy systems provide advantages in the development of systems solutions that perform tasks such as automatic modeling, prediction, pattern recognition, and optimal decision making, control and planning....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence] 2152 words
(6.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Artificial Intelligence - Artificial Intelligence (AI) will seamlessly integrate virtual and physical worlds. To ensure the success of AI three premises have to be actualized: functionalism, hardware capacity to mimic human thought, and the software to convert the gains in hardware advances (McGinnis 1256). The possibilities of AI extend from the synergistic union of the human brain with ambient intelligent environments, to neurocomputation ushering in an entirely new intelligence era. The proper supervision of Artificial Intelligence will guide the positive advancement of technology; additionally, the advantages of AI will range from improved quality of life to the facilitation of national security on and off the ba...   [tags: Technology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1930 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Artificial Intelligence and its Uses Essay - Artificial Intelligence and its Uses Artificial intelligence is defined as the ability of a machine to think for itself. Scientists and theorists continue to debate if computers will actually be able to think for themselves at one point. The generally accepted theory is that computers do and will think more in the future. AI has grown rapidly in the last ten years because of the advances in computer architecture. As AI advances, human beings are using it to help with some problems that use AI....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
820 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence - It is a phrase that inspires awe of the accomplishments of the human race. It is a phrase that inspires fear for the mankind. Artificial intelligence has the potential for great, wondrous things, as well as those that are horrid and terrible. Writers have often played on this fear of other forms of intelligence – this fear of the unknown – and nothing can be worse than being outsmarted and surpassed by one’s own creation. Artificial intelligence, or AI, has the potential to be extremely beneficial to humanity, but there are costs and problems that could arise as a result of it....   [tags: Technology Essays]
:: 17 Works Cited
2525 words
(7.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Artificial Intelligence Essay - Artificial Intelligence1 Artificial Intelligence (AI) conjures up visions of robots that can mix dry martinis while beating a grand master at chess; and to some, will one day be able to look, act, think and react just like a real person. I would like to explore the concept of AI as it relates to the business world, and its possible many other applications. I believe that true AI is a dream worth pursuing. Like me, there are many who, just like those of the early 1960’s, thought that putting a man on the moon seemed to be an extremely difficult, but not an impossible task, believing the achievement of true AI to come is just a matter of time....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 10 Works Cited
2724 words
(7.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Current Research on a New Spacecraft Autonomy Architecture named Remote Agent - Remote Agent Part 1: Introduction to Spacecraft Autonomy Abstract This first paper of a two-part series introduces current research on a new spacecraft autonomy architecture, named Remote Agent, which applies artificial intelligence techniques to spacecraft control functions. The necessity for autonomy technology is nowhere greater than in deep space missions. Remote Agent is a model-based autonomous system being developed in a collaborative effort between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Ames Research Center....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Spacecraft]
:: 6 Works Cited
2240 words
(6.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Artificial Intelligence: Can Computers Think? Essay - This essay will address the question of whether computers can think, possess intelligence or mental states. It will proceed from two angles. Firstly it is required to define what constitutes “thinking.” An investigation into this debate however demonstrate that the very definition of thought is contested ground. Secondly, it is required for a reflection on what form artificial intelligence should take, be it a notion of “simulated intelligence,” the weak AI hypothesis, or “actual thinking,” the strong AI hypothesis....   [tags: artificial intelligence]
:: 12 Works Cited
1681 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Social And Ethical Impact Of Artificial Intelligence Essay - Introduction As our world expands through the growing abilities and applications of computers in our everyday lives, it seems that the role of the computer has been reversed. Before we knew that the computer only understood what we programmed it to understand; however, now the majority of our society is learning more from computers than they are able to input into it. Dumm (1986 p.69) History "The human aspiration to create intelligent machines has appeared in myth and literature for thousands of years, from stories of Pygmalion to the tales of the Jewish Golem." Anat Treister-Goren, Ph.D....   [tags: Cause Effect Artificial Intelligence] 1374 words
(3.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
An Overview of Artificial Intelligence Essay - An Overview of Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence, a concept that would make possible our most remote dreams, specially for housewives. Would not it be interesting to know what is this marvelous thing that is going to make our dreams come true. I think it is. AI(Artificial Intelligence) is a fairly new field in Computer Science, my subject, which I found very interesting. AI it is not a well defined concept yet, which it is not a surprise for me, considering that is a very new term and that it contains a word that is has not been well defined either....   [tags: Technology Artificial Intelligence Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1745 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]