The plague was spread by fleas who had fed on animals infected with a bacteria called Yersinia pestis. It is thought that fleas were mostly came from black rats and cats, however, the bacteria may also be carried by squirrels, chipmunks, rabbits, and prairie dogs. The bacteria could also be spread by coming into contact with the blood of an infected animal or breathing in mucus that an infected person had coughed up, also known as sputum.
The most common type of plague is the bubonic plague. This sickness starts out as flu-like symptoms, but quickly become more serious. Those infected would eventually develop large, blue sores called buboes. Buboes can be located near the groin, armpit, neck, or can very rarely be internal. Over time, victims would develop pneumonic plague, which is an advanced form of the bubonic plague. The pneumonic plague affects the lungs and was usually what killed those who contracted the plague. This type of plague is the most infectious and the most deadly. The third and final plague is the septicemic plague. In this form, the bacteria multiplies in the blood, causing gangrene, which is blood clots in the fingers and toes, and shock. The plague has also been associated with meningitis, or swelling of the brain and spinal cord.
Medical practices during this peri...
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...IV virus. Ebola is also a concerning virus. It’s recent outbreak in Africa killed many people and caused other countries to put up travel precautions. Microorganisms are not the only threat to our species. Diseases like cancer, which is the mutation of cells in the human body, has also been proven extremely deadly. It seems that the human race’s greatest weakness will always be our health.
The Black Plague has definitely made its mark on history. The horror of the epidemic has carried through to modern days. Even today, research study the remains of the dead buried in mass graves and constantly learn more about the bacteria and how it affected those who contracted the disease. It is important for us to learn about the plague because it was an unforgettable time in documented history. This terrifying period in history will always be in humankind 's darkest nightmares.
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