The Pillars Of Islam And Christianity Essay

The Pillars Of Islam And Christianity Essay

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Both Islam and Christianity have practices or duties, which are central to the daily routines of life. The five pillars of Islam are the foundation of the way Muslims live. The first pillar of Islam is the Shahadah, the Declaration of Faith. This says; ‘There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah’. The second pillar is salah, which says that Muslims should pray five times a day. This applies to all Muslims, except Shi’is are permitted to combine the five prayers into three sessions. The third pillar is zakah, which means giving money to people who are poor or in need. The fourth pillar is sawm, which means fasting. Every year, during the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast during hours of daylight. The fifth pillar is Hajj. This is the pilgrimage to Mekkah, which every Muslim tries to make at least once in their lifetime.

Unlike Islam, Christianity does not have these set patterns of worship in their life, except Catholics do have the Seven Sacraments, as well as the Protestants believing in only two of those sacraments, baptism and confirmation. Just as prayer is an important part of Islamic life, it is also relevant in Christian life. Many Christians say a prayer of thanksgiving at meal times, known as grace. Both Islam and Christianity have one day a week set aside as a day of public prayer. For Christians, it is Sunday and is considered a ‘day of rest’. Friday is for Islam, but it is not necessarily viewed as a ‘day of rest’. Rather, the day is thought of as a day of all business activities being temporarily suspended for communal prayer in the mosque.

The environment and its sustainability is a concern in both Christianity and Islam. Both the Bible and the Qur’an contain an ongoing theme about the protective...


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...ly, socially and economically sustainable lifestyles, speaking out against racism in church and society, respecting the richness of cultural diversity, supporting new approaches to criminal justice issues based on forgiveness, compassion and harmony, and promoting creative measures to reduce the harm caused by crime.

In Islam, the Qur’an repeatedly emphasizes the dual nature of humankind’s duties. For example, every verse that commands men and women to pray to God also urges them to pay zakah, the obligatory charitable contribution that every Muslim must pay to provide for those who are poor and in need. This social responsibility is a minimum legal requirement that is not found in Christian social responsibility, but is a successful way of demolish poverty. Some Christian church services may have donation boxes for charities, but it is not mandatory like in Islam.

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