Piaget 's Four Cognitive Stages Essay

Piaget 's Four Cognitive Stages Essay

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From birth to old age, we are going through changes. At the time, we feel like we are the only ones going through them and that no one else can share our story. Because of Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson, we now have a better understanding of our development through each stage. Piaget 's four cognitive stages: sensorimotor, birth to two, preoperational, ages two to six, concrete operational, ages seven to eleven, and formal operational, ages twelve to adult. Erikson 's eight psyhcosocial stages: trust versus mistrust, birth to one, autonomy versus shame and doubt, ages one to three, initiative versus guilt, ages three to six, industry versus inferiority, ages six to twelve, identity versus role confusion, ages thirteen to eighteen, intimacy versus isolation, ages eighteen to twenty-five, generativity versus stagnation, ages twenty-five to thirty-five, and ego integrity versus despair, ages thirty-five to fifty. All stages have an important factor that shapes how we will be as adults. With the help of Piaget and Erikson, we understand that not everyone goes through these stages and that we do not all go through them at the same time.

We begin with birth. Piaget describes this as our sensorimotor phase. In this phase, we learn through our senses and develop our reflexes. We also develop our schemas for the world. The amount of attention and activity we are exposed to at this stage strengthens our neurological connections. From Erikson 's side, this is where we form our sense of security. Nature verses nurture is the main key here. While biologically we connect with what sustains us it is through the close, warm care that strengthens the bond. This stage is important and shapes how we make relationships in the future. Through our pa...


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...mphasis on the idea than a stage of development and the need for close bonds. Middle adulthood, most feel like their lives are stagnating and are motivated to change and contribute to their community. Moving into old age, we feel compelled to reminisce about our lives.

From birth to old age, we are modifying our schemas through assimilation and accommodation. As we move through life, the shaping of our personalities and mental growth is shaped by those around us. As a dance teacher, understanding these stages helps to better teach the students and help them grow into the next stage, helping shape and shift their ideas and give them confidence while they master the steps. By knowing these stages, we can guide our children through them and navigate them more easily ourselves. While these stages do not outright define us, they help form a model of growth we go through.

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