subject of child development and thinking that does not even in passing refer to the work of Jean
Piaget. Piaget like theorists such as Montessori, and Rousseau believed that children pass
through general periods of development; within their cognitive development. Piaget’s theories on
this cognitive development of the child were first published in the 1936, in The Origins of
Intelligence in Children. This work still remains the foundation that all subsequent studies and
investigations in the formation of the intellect of the child.
Piaget recognized children pass through four periods of development, sensori-motor
intelligence period; lasting from birth to two years of age. Preoperational thought from the age of
two to seven years, concrete operations lasting between the years of seven to eleven; last period,
that of formal operations, from the age of eleven lasting into adulthood.
In the preoperational period, the child learns to think, use symbols and internal images.
Their thinking during this period is unsystematic and illogical; very much differing from that of
adults. Piaget was unlike many scholars have assumed was not a maturationist, while
maturationists believe in stage sequences wired into the genes, which occur from an inner
timetable. Piaget did not think of his stages as genetically determined, Piaget also did not believe
a child’s thinking to be shaped from adult teachings nor environmental influences; he believed
that children must interact with the environment to develop, but that it they themselves not the
external environment that develops their cognitive ability.
The preoperational period is one marked by a major change within th...
... middle of paper ...
With children over the age of three, Piaget preferred both child and teacher directed
classrooms, curriculum and classrooms are age specific, researched based, hands on method of
teaching that is modified to each child’s individual needs. Role play and realistic social
experiences encouraged, has the love and logic approach to redirection as a disciplinary tool,
freedom to move about the classroom and explore while having scheduled circle times.
Montessori, with children over the age of three, preferred child directed only, with
children of various ages in the same classroom. Unstructured and flexible teaching method,
learning individually with less social experiences of learning is allowed. Self-education through
self-correcting, no specific disciplinary tool, no set in stone scheduled learning times and quiet
setting is encouraged at times of lunch and snack.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Piaget – A Cognitive Developmental Biography For this paper I have decided to write about someone imaginary to associate with Piaget’s Cognitive Development. The reason that I have chosen to write about someone imaginary is because I have not seen every of the stages of cognitive development in someone I know and I do not remember all of mine, so I feel that it would be in my better interest to write about an imaginary person. I will be addressing the following concepts on Piaget’s Cognitive Development: Scheme, Assimilation, Accommodation, Tertiary circular reaction, Object Permanence, Symbolic function substage, Animistic thinking, Intuitive thought substage, Conservation, Seriation, Trans... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- Since its development in the 20th century, the Piaget’s theory of cognitive development has been applied in the field of psychology and education to understand how children develop their cognition. Piaget developed this theory in an attempt to understand the root of intelligence in infancy and how children’s knowledge changes progressively over a period of time. He believed that children undertake specific tasks when they are mature enough to do so. According to him, children go through a series of cognitive stages in a similar order.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1624 words (4.6 pages)
- Piaget Jean Piaget had a very difficult childhood. He had a cold, distant father and a mentally ill mother. Her condition contributed towards a troublesome marriage and family life. Piaget himself had two nervous breakdowns in his youth. He was not especially close to his other siblings or have close friends of his own age, and depended upon older mentors and self-study to grow his learning. The Swiss culture that emphasized on individuality and freedom perhaps led Piaget to focus on learning from an individual standpoint rather than exploring the group influences on learning.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
809 words (2.3 pages)
- Modern society is in debt to people of past decades and generations who have contributed to various thresholds of knowledge. Without these people to influence society, the world would be shadowed by a dark cloud of ignorance. One of those gallant contributors was a Swiss biologist, Jean Piaget. This one man has made gigantic additions to the world’s knowledge of psychology and child development that have from his past decade to modern day. His mind was built into a well-oiled machine that was always searching for a new idea or theory.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1416 words (4 pages)
- In this assignment I am going to describe a child observation that I have done in a nursery for twenty minutes in a play setting. I will explain the strengths and weaknesses of naturalistic observation through the key developmental milestones based in Mary Sheridan (2005) check-list and provide a theoretical explanation to support the naturalistic observation. First of all I would like to explain why the child observation is important for social workers. It is important because it focus on the problems that arise when a child‘s situation is not taken seriously and consequently have harsh consequences for both worker and child (Climbié Report, 2002).... [tags: Child Development ]
999 words (2.9 pages)
- Piaget states that a child’s cognitive development has a direct link to the way the child sees the world and their biological development. Essentially what he explains is that the way a child thinks becomes less decentred as they grow older and develop. This essay will go onto explain the four stages of development that Piaget says a child goes through and evidence to support this including his findings. It will then go on to discuss that in fact the developmental stages may be more complex than originally found to be, and Piaget may have underestimated the importance of specific aspects of the child’s experience.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Cognitive-Developmental/Jean Piaget: According to Piaget, “children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world (Berk, 2007, p.19)”. Piaget proposed just as structures of the body are adapted to fit with the environment, the interaction with physical and social environments is vital for cognitive development in children. Piaget also theorize that children learn through assimilation and accommodation, and complex cognitive development occurs through equilibration (Schunk, 1996).... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
929 words (2.7 pages)
- Real Play "Play that is initiated and directed by children and that bubbles up from within the child rather than being imposed by adults is disappearing from our landscape of childhood. There are many reasons for this, such as long hours spent in front of a TV, fear of "stranger danger" when outside." (Exchange Every Day, 2009) Research, past and present, clearly points to the importance of play for the healthy and full development of the young child. Piaget theorized that a child's mental models, or cognitive structures, are based on the child's activities: engagement makes meaning.... [tags: children, Piaget, imagination, childhood]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- Piaget believed that human thinking is always changing, and human cognitive development is influenced by “…biological maturation, activity, social experiences, and equilibration”. Also, as humans, we tend to want organization and adaptation. According to Piaget, humans need to arrange information and personal experiences in to the mental process, and humans will adjust their thoughts into different “schemes” which is understand something one way then adding to make it correct or change the idea to fit the thought.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
784 words (2.2 pages)
- The four stages of intellectual growth play a vast role in determining the cognitive ability in a young child. “The goal of education is not to increase the amount of knowledge, but to create the possibilities for a child to invent and discover, to create men who are capable of doing new things (McLeod, 2012).” Every piece of technology that’s used today was not thought of by the smartest person in the world, it was thought up of by someone who was simply had the imagination and creativity in their head to discover it.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1308 words (3.7 pages)