Essay PreviewMore ↓
The enrichment process is complicated due to the fact that the uranium isotopes are practically chemically identical. This means that the different isotopes cannot be separated with just an easy chemical reaction. The isotopes must be separated by exploiting the little mass difference between the isotopes. There are many different methods used to separate these isotopes a couple of these are the commercial-gaseous diffusion process and the centrifuge process. Another method of separation is the Electro Magnetic Separation process.
This enrichment method was created by E.O. Lawrence. It involves passing uranium ions through a magnetic field which causes the U235 ions to separate and take a different path than the U238 ions. Following this collectors are used at the other end of the semi-circle to capture the separated U235.
Fission of U235
How to Cite this Page
"Physics of the Atomic Bomb." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Nov 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Development of the Ideas Needed to Create an Atomic Bomb I. Introduction Where did the atomic bomb come from. In this paper, I will look at the development of the ideas needed to create an atomic bomb. Specifically, what did scientists need to know for them to theorize that a cataclysmic explosion would result when a critical mass of certain elements undergo a chain reaction of nuclear fission. However, I will only look at scientific ideas generally, as they progressed towards fission. This development of ideas was propelled by genius, persistence and tenacity, coupled with flashes of insight into the nature of the universe.... [tags: Atomic Bombs Weapons Physics War Essays]
4612 words (13.2 pages)
- The Atomic Bomb's Impression on Scientific History This website validates the impressive nature of the development of the Atomic bomb as part of scientific history. It will discuss the discoveries that scientists made throughout history that were vitally important to the project. Additionally, this site will also cover the development of the Manhattan Project, including the different production facilities that existed. Lastly, this site will cover the testing of the first Atomic bomb. The development of the Atomic bomb is the most impressive scientific development in history.... [tags: Atomic Weapons Science Manhattan Project Essays]
3803 words (10.9 pages)
- The Atomic Age represents the most epic era and composed of diverse controversial issues in the human history. In the late 1945, President Harry Truman informed to drop two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These two bombs quickly yielded the surrender of Japan and the end the World War 2. However, the impact of it led us to debate whether this decision was actually right or so. First off, it would be hard to imagine how Japan would have been surrendered without the atomic bomb.... [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]
1593 words (4.6 pages)
- The Atomic Bomb On July 16, 1945, the United States of America ushered the world into a new era with the successful detonation of an atomic bomb in New Mexico. That era was the nuclear age. Less than a month later, on August 6, 1945, an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan; the first use of a nuclear weapon against an enemy nation. Most of us know of these basic events, but many do not know of the complicated decisions and scientific breakthroughs that paved the way towards that fateful day in Hiroshima.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
5916 words (16.9 pages)
- Building the Atomic Bomb The impact of the advances in physics between 1900 and 1938 could have never been predicted at the time of their discovery. The discoveries being made would change not only the world of physics, but also the world as a whole. Because developments were being made in the fields of fission, atoms, and atomic energy, government officials now had to take into consideration the possibility of atomic warfare when making related to international policy. The first of the major world powers to realize the military use of the discoveries in physics was Germany.... [tags: Papers]
1024 words (2.9 pages)
- Enrico Fermi and the Development of the Atomic Bomb The 20th century saw many important discoveries which impacted people worldwide. Great discoveries were made in the realm of science and technology which lead to the atomic age. One of the leading pioneers in the area of physics was Enrico Fermi. Without his contributions, the atomic bomb may not have been developed or would have possibly been postponed. Enrico Fermi was born into a family who had enough money to live comfortably. "Fermi was born in Rome on the 29th of September,1901, the son of Alberto Fermi, a Chief Inspector of the Ministry of Communications, and Ida de Gattis" (Mawson 12).... [tags: Papers]
1004 words (2.9 pages)
- The Atomic Bomb Background of the Atomic Bomb It was during the Second World War that the United States became a world power, thanks in a large part to its monopoly on atomic weapons. The atomic bomb is a weapon with great explosive power that results form the sudden release of energy upon the splitting, or fission of the nuclei of such heavy elements as plutonium or uranium. This new destructive force wrecked havoc on two Japanese cities and caused the end of World War II. It also saved thousands of American lives because a ground invasion of Japan was no longer necessary.... [tags: American America History]
2068 words (5.9 pages)
- The Atomic Bomb Albert Einstein predicted that mass could be converted into energy. This was the basis for the atomic bomb. Throughout this research paper, I will trace the history of the atomic bomb. In addition, who was involved and why, what happened in this event, and explain the impact that it had on the world. After Einstein predicted, that mass could be converted into energy. This was confirmed experimentally by John D. Cockcroft and Ernest Walton. “Physicists from 1939 onward conducted much research to find answers to questions as how many neutrons were emitted in each fission and which elements would not capture the neutrons but would moderate or reduce the velocity” (Grolier Multi... [tags: Weapons Mass Destruction War Essays]
1727 words (4.9 pages)
- The Atomic Bomb "Then a tremendous flash of light cut across the sky . Mr. Tanimoto has a distinct recollection that it traveled from east to west, from the city toward the hills. It seemed like a sheet of sun. John Hersey, from Hiroshima, pp8 On August 6, 1945, the world changed forever. On that day the United States of America detonated an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima. Never before had mankind seen anything like. Here was something that was slightly bigger than an ordinary bomb, yet could cause infinitely more destruction.... [tags: History Historical Bombs Hiroshima Essays]
4490 words (12.8 pages)
- Throughout the ages we have seen timeless inventions to numerous to name. We have seen everythingfrom the inventio of the radio to the engine to the atomic bomb. But there is one invention that goes onunappreciated, even looked down upon. The toilet. The toilet is an amazingly simple invention which,without it, the world would be a very different place. Without toilets there would be waste in our housesas well as in the streets that would have to be manually taken care of. Without the flush toilet there is nopossible way that the world could survive as populated as it is.... [tags: physics toilet toilets]
808 words (2.3 pages)
U235 and Plutonium each have the inherent ability to fission making them perfect candidates for the atomic bomb. Plutonium 239 has a very high spontaneous fission rate making it easy to for the bomb to accidently fizzle before production is complete. While Uranium 235 has a lower rate of spontaneous fission making it easier to deal with when building an atom bomb.
There were two types of atom bombs created one was called the "Little Boy" and the other was titled the "Fat Man."
The Little Boy
The "little boy" atom bomb was designed to be a gun type bomb. They call it a gun type bomb due to the fact that the bomb shoots a mass of uranium 235 into another mass of uranium 235 to create a supercritical mass. Once the supercritical mass is formed the initiator emits a burst of neutrons creating the fission chain reactions. These chain reactions continue until the energy released becomes so big that the bomb blows itself up.
The Fat Man
The Fat Man atom bomb was created due to the fact that plutonium 239 has such a fast spontaneous fission rate. A new design was needed to facilitate such an isotope. The Little Boy is too slow to work with such an isotope. So, Seth Neddermeyer created an idea to use explosive charges to compress a small sphere of plutonium quickly to a required density that will make the plutonium go critical and produce a nuclear explosion. Thus, the Fat Man atom bomb was born.
On August 6, 1945 the Ebnola Gay dropped the "Little Boy" atom bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Just three days later the "Fat Man" atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. Both of the weapons of mass destruction created havoc across Japan. Each bomb completely leveled each of there respective cities.
The "Little Boy" created an explosive force of 12,000 tons of TNT and created a heat wave as hot as 50 million degrees Fahrenheit in the center of the fireball. It instantly killed anyone within a half mile of the bomb. Anyone within a mile suffered from things such as severe burns, blindness and death. Many people following this eventually died from their exposure to radiation. Not only did the atomic bomb affect the city it actually affected the atmosphere surrounding the city. The intense explosion caused the raining with large rain drops, intense hurricane winds, and many fires to break out. The "Fat Man" had the same impact in Nagasaki, Japan but did not create as much havoc due to the fact that Nagasaki is surrounded by mountains. The immense power of the atomic bombs was tragic and took many lives, hopefully we will not have to see these intense weapons of destruction in use ever again.