Physics of Paintball

Physics of Paintball

Length: 1008 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Fuel For A Paintball Marker

The Reason that people need a tank when they play paintball is because you need a way to force the paintballs out of the gun and this cannot be achieved effectively by just using a spring. What they decided to do was to fuel the paintballs by pushing them with a gas. The way in which they did this was to put the gases, either Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide or Nitrogen under extreme pressure until they turned into a liquid and once they are in a liquid form they can be blown into a tank which probably looks something like this.

Carbon Dioxide must be under a pressure of at least 415.8 kPaA For it to turn into liquid form. Oxygen and Nitrogen are very similar to this.

The way in which the gas is let out is that there is a needle in a valve in the top of the tank and when the tank is screwed into the paintball marker the needle gets pressed down and the entire system becomes pressurized and is ready to be fired. Then when the gun is cocked and the trigger is pulled the bolt is pushed forward, accelerated by the force of the C02 acting behind it and pushes the paintball out. Then the bolt comes back into the read position and the C02 is no longer flowing and is again pushing against the bolt.

There are some problems with this system however. One of the major ones is called snowing, where liquid C02 actually gets into the paintball marker, this is not good for multiple reasons, first of all having the liquid C02 on the moving parts inside a marker is not good for it, since many of the parts inside are rubber or plastic. The second problem with this is since the gas is in liquid form it is not expanding as fast and there for is not pushing the paintballs as effectively. This causes a white snow like substance to come out of the barrel of the marker. There are several way that this problem is dealt with, some markers have the guns stored in a vertical position to keep the liquid in the bottom of the tanks. Other markers employ gas lines or expansion chambers, these are basically just tubes or cylinders that run from the tank to the marker and give the C02 a chance to turn from a liquid to a gas.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Physics of Paintball." 13 Nov 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Physics of Paintball Essay

- There are three main areas of paintball that I will be analyzing. First the way in which a paintball leaves the barrel of a paintball marker. Second the way in which a paintball fly's through the air and lastly how to determine optimum ranges for paintballs. Firing a paintball As you fire the trigger, the paintball is being pushed down the barrel of the marker by the difference in pressure between the CO2 from a tank attached to the marker which builds up behind the ball and the air in front of the ball....   [tags: physics sport paint paintball gun]

Free Essays
650 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on The Physic of Paintball

- The Physic of Paintball I.The Fundamentals of the Game of Paintball. Paintball is a sport that is still fairly new in the world being not much more that a decade old. This game as with other sports would not be possible without physics. Physics is essential to the game of paintball. Some of physics that are involved in paintball are pressurized gas, projectile motion, and the impulse of being hit by a paintball. As with all sports there is necessary equipment needed to play. The most important piece of equipment would be the paintball gun often called a marker....   [tags: Game Paintballing Paintball Physics Essays]

Research Papers
1578 words (4.5 pages)

Persuasive Paper on Paintball - Original Writing

- Persuasive Paper on Paintball- Original Writing You were just running, the leaves crush under your feet and are not sure if anyone is following you, but a gut felling keeps you going. Then you come to a quick halt. There you stand unprotected and vulnerable to any one, as the trees close in around you. Then a twig snaps you avert your eyes to the origin of the sound. As you frantically look about; you hear leaves shuffle around, knowing someone is stalking you. You begin to panic, your heart beating faster and faster and your breathing increases....   [tags: Sports Paintball Papers]

Research Papers
907 words (2.6 pages)

The Physics of the Arc Essay

- ABSTRACT Several researchers have devoted efforts on studying physics of arc and descriptive models are used to explain many arc welding related phenomena. However, due to the subject complexity, doubts still emerge about the mechanisms of some phenomena related to the arc. For instance, the description about electromagnetic interactions with the arc, which governs the arc trajectory and lead to plasma jet and arc blow formation, seems to be yet controversial. Thus, the present study aimed a better understanding of these phenomena....   [tags: Physics ]

Research Papers
1244 words (3.6 pages)

The Physics of Fishing Essay

- The Physics of Fishing The use of a boat while fishing and some of the physics applicable to boating will be included in exploring the various ways physics applies to the sport of fishing. Other topics will include the fishing rod, fishing lure, casting, and the fish itself. The boat floats on the water according to Archimedes Principle which states an immersed object is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces. The force applied downwards by earth’s gravity coupled with the upward force of buoyancy allows the boat to float....   [tags: Physics ]

Research Papers
871 words (2.5 pages)

Applications of Physics For Different Industries Essay example

- INTRODUCTION Physics attempts to describe the fundamental nature of the universe and how it works, always striving for the simplest explanations common to the most diverse behaviour. For example, physics explains why rainbows have colours, what keeps a satellite in orbit, and what atoms and nuclei are made of. The goal of physics is to explain as many things as possible using as few laws as possible, revealing nature's underlying simplicity and beauty. Physics has been applied in many industrial fields, which include the air industry, construction industry, automobile industry, manufacturing industry and many others....   [tags: Physics]

Research Papers
1954 words (5.6 pages)

Paintball Essay

- Paintball. A fast-paced, adrenaline pumping, game...paintball is a world renowned sport and is growing popularity faster than several other top sports. Paintball is non-contact, making it very safe when played right. According to the Sports Data Inc. surveys, paintball has the lowest injury rate of ANY sport, at only .31 injuries per 1000 participants. Paintball is viewed several different ways by people that have not experienced it for themselves. A lot of people think paintball is only for "gun crazy" maniacs....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
600 words (1.7 pages)

paintball Essay

- Paintball Misrepresented Sport When you here about paintball in the news, it's always a story of someone losing an eye or committing a crime. Is this what paintball is about. Definitely not. Lets first start off by saying, that accusing the sport of paintball, for criminals vandalizing property with paintball markers (They are actually classified as markers, not guns, because they mark people, like in a game of tag), is like blaming the sport of baseball, for people that fight or injure people with bats....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
431 words (1.2 pages)

Paintball Essay

- Paintball is a fast and furious sport. It is played on both a social and serious level by over 16 million people around the world (Cooke,11). It is one of the fastest growing sports on the planet. Paintball's history, games, guns, and safety are all part of the fun. In 1970, James Hale, an engineer, invented and patented the first commercially successful paintball gun. Paintball guns were first used by the National Forest Association to mark trees that would be cut down. Then, it was used to mark cattle by cowboys....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
2070 words (5.9 pages)

paintball Essay

- everybody. Players range from six to sixty, and are of any race or sex. There are many different ways to play, and an almost infinite amount of equipment for you to choose from. It is a great sport because of all the different types of equipment, and playing fields and other players can be found almost anywhere. Paintball is a very new sport. The first games were played by a few enterprising players who used cattle marking guns to play. Their paint was non-washable and expensive, costing up to a buck a ball....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1971 words (5.6 pages)

Mechanical Markers

The gun is in its ready to be fired state when the gun is under pressure.

Under pressure means that the gun has some sort of fuel hooked up to the back of it. It doesn't matter of this fuel is C02 or Oxygen or Nitrogen, the principles of the marker will function the same no matter what kind of fuel you use.

After the gun is under pressure, the Hammer which is like a piston inside of a the marker is pull back and put under tension against a spring, the gun is held into place by a wedge shaped piece of metal called a sear. The sear fits in to a cleft in the bottom of the hammer.

The hammer is connected usually by pin or bar to a another cylinder called the bolt.

The bolt is the part of the system which is actually in contact with with the paintball. The bolt's main jobs are to regulate the loading of paintballs into the chamber and to make sure that the C02 is directed at the paintball pushing it out of the marker.

When the trigger is pulled on the marker the front of the sear is pushed upwards, thus pushing the bottom of the sear down and allowing the bolt to move freely. The spring which was putting tension on the hammer forces it to move forwards.

As the hammer moves forward it his a pin in a valve in the barrel and C02 is released which travels down the barrel and is focused by the bolt onto the paintball. Also as the hammer passes over the valve a small amount of C02 is also released from the rear of the valve which forces the hammer back into the cocked possession where it is ready to fire again.

Electric Paintball Markers

Electric guns use an electronic air valve called a solenoid. The solenoid channels pressurized gas stored within the body of the gun or in a volumizer to the open and close ports on a piston or ram set up. Instead of a hammer under tension from a spring, the exhaust valve is opened by the piston or ram being slammed into the back of the exhaust valve, releasing gas to shoot the paintball. The piston then returns back to the battery or closed position where it is ready to start the whole cycle over again. The electronic circuit board inside of the marker instructs the solenoid to shift air between the open and close ports on the ram after a certain amount of time has gone by. The time between the opening and closing of the ram ports is called a dwell. The time duration is incredibly short between the opening and closing, it is only a few milliseconds, which still just enough time to send gas through the exhaust valve, into the bolt, and down the barrel pushing the paintball down range. Since the time required to shoot a ball down range is only a few milliseconds this allows for the marker to fire 13+ rounds a second down range, this is clearly superior to a mechanical marker which could probably fire around seven balls per second. The speed at which and the pattern in which the ports are open can be set on the circuit board inside of the marker. This allows for single shot, triple shot, six shot or rapid fire modes. Also since the time in which the ports are open is controlled electronically, It also means the you get a much more efficient use of your C02.

Return to